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Talk: "Using deep learning to count albatrosses from space" (30th Sep 2020, free, online)

2020.09.25 12:57 johnsandall Talk: "Using deep learning to count albatrosses from space" (30th Sep 2020, free, online)

https://www.meetup.com/PyData-Cambridge-Meetup/events/273366810/
Date: Wednesday, September 30, 2020
Time: 7:00 PM to 9:00 PM GMT+1
Agenda

Talk: "Using deep learning to count albatrosses from space"
Speaker: Ellie Bowler
Abstract: Wandering Albatrosses have seen dramatic declines in recent decades, leading to concern over their conservation. However due to their highly dispersed and inaccessible nesting locations, population surveys are expensive, infrequent, and often incomplete. In this work we address this issue by counting albatrosses directly from space, using 31-cm resolution WorldView-3 satellite imagery. We particularly focus on manual and automated methods for detecting the birds, and investigate how observer uncertainty in ground truth labels can impact supervised CNN training schemes.
Bio: Ellie Bowler is a PhD student under the supervision of Michal Mackiewicz at the University of East Anglia. Her background is in mathematics and computational ecology, with a particular interest in computer vision and deep learning. Her current research is on automated UAV and satellite image analysis for wildlife monitoring, working in collaboration with Peter Fretwell at the British Antarctic Survey.

Talk: From Jupyter notebooks to production code, a Kedro introduction
Speaker: Lais Carvalho
Kedro is an open-source Python library that helps data scientists write data pipelines following software engineering best practices from the start. Since our last visit to PyData Cambridge, we released several new features. In this talk, I will walk through some of those features and show you how to convert your Jupyter notebooks to a Kedro project, allowing you to scale your project and collaborate effectively on a team. Come and say hello. 😊
Bio: Lais Carvalho is a developer advocate for QuantumBlack. IT student, her background is on civil & env. engineering and customer service. Board member of Python Ireland, Laís was part of the organisation of EuroPython 2020 and hosted the PyData Dublin Summer edition of same year.
submitted by johnsandall to deeplearning [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 02:16 Wickbam Germanic settlement in Britain during the Roman period

It's debated whether the "Saxon Shore" was named because it was intended as a defense against these people or was actually settled by them. What is not debatable is that during their rule over Britain, the Romans settled groups of Germanic peoples on the island throughout the centuries. Some of these were defeated peoples forcibly resettled. Others were pro-Roman loyalists or indeed saw themselves simply as Romans of Germanic origin. I've compiled a brief list of notable personalities and events.
DEO MARTI ET DVABVS ALAISIAGIS ET N AVG GER CIVES TVIHANTI CVNEI FRISIORVM VER SER ALEXANDRIANI VOTVM SOLVERVNT LIBENTES - " "To the god Mars and the two Alaisiagae**, and to the divine power of the Emperor, the Germanic tribesmen of Tuihantis of the formation of Frisians of Vercovicium, Severus Alexanders's own, willingly and deservedly fulfilled their vow.**"
**DEO MARTI THINCSO DVABVS ET ALAISAGIS BEDE ET FIMMILENE ET N AVG GERM CIVES TVIHANTI VSLM - " To the god Mars Thincsus and the two Alaisiagae**, Beda and Fimmilena, and the divine power of the Emperor, Germanic tribesmen from Tuihantis willingly and deservedly fulfilled their vow. "
DEABVS ALAISIAGIS BAVDIHILLIE ET FRIAGABI ET N(umini) AVG(usti) N(umerus) HNAVDIFRIDI V(otum) S(olvit) L(ibens) M(erito) - "To the goddesses the Alaisiagae, Baudihillia and Friagabis, and to the Divinity of the Emperor the unit of Hnaudifridus gladly and deservedly fulfilled its vow."
These inscriptions are very interesting for several reasons. One is the hybridization of Germanic and Roman culture. These soldiers are literate in Latin and praise the emperor. At the same time, they worship Germanic gods. Mars Thincsus is probably TyTiw. These Frisians belonged to a tribe called the "Tuihanti" who were later formed into the Auxiliary Tubantes unit. The Tuihanti, who lived in what is now Twente in the Netherlands, were named after the god Tiw. Their self description as "Germanic" shows their Roman influence, since the Germanic peoples at this time had no notion of a pan-Germanic identity and the word itself is Latin in origin. Note that, Hnaudifridus, or Notfried, was a commanding officer. Interestingly, the emblem of Twente is a White Horse, almost identical to the White Horse of Kent. * 276-282AD: Large numbers of Germanic peoples invaded Western Europe during the crisis of the 3rd century to the extent that the Romans did not attempt to drive them out even after re-establishing military superiority. The Emperor Probus began a policy, followed by all succeeding emperors, of settling defeated or friendly tribes on Roman soil as "dediticii" and "Laeti". Their descendants were obligated to provide cultivate soil and provide recruits to the army. Among the defeated enemy was a Burgundian or Vandalic king named Igullus whom Probus settled in Britain; according to the historian Zosimus, Igullus and his followers subdued multiple insurrections in Britain during the reign of Probus. * 3rd/4th Centuries AD: date of a pottery shard bearing the name "Disete", a genitive or dative Latin form of a German girl's name, indicating that Germanic soldiers brought their families to Britain and that at least some were literate. * 306AD: The Alemmanic King Chrocus proclaims Constantine emperor in Eboracum, now York, backed by Alemannic soldiers in the Roman army. * 350AD: The Roman general Magnentius usurps the imperial throne from Constans, son of Constantine, and has him put to death. Magnentius was born in Gaul to a British Celtic father and Germanic mother. A later emperor, Julian, claimed Magnentius recruited Saxons into his army. * 367AD: The Roman generals Fullofaudes and Nectarides were captured or killed during the great barbarian conspiracy. Fullofaudes was almost certainly of Frankish or Alemannic origin while Nectarides may have been of Germanic origin. Fullofaudes was Dux Britanniarum and Nectarides was Count of what was later called the Saxon Shore. * 372AD: The Emperor Valentinian settles the Alemannic king Fraomar and his supporters in East Anglia. Fraomar had been king of the Alemanni until they exiled him for his pro-Roman policies. * 407-411AD: Constantine III, who was later incorporated into Arthurian legend by Geoffrey of Monmouth, declares himself Emperor and withdraws the remnants of the Roman army from Britain in order to campaign in Gaul. Two of his chief generals were Nebiogastes and Edobichus. Nebiogastes was killed by treachery. Zosimus describes Edobichus as a Frank, but also a native of Britain. Constantine sent Edobichus across the Rhine to the Franks to recruit soldiers. He too was later betrayed and executed by forces loyal to emperor Honorius. * Late 5th/early 6th century AD: Tewdrig ap Teithfallt was supposedly king of Glywsing in modern Wales. His name is a Cumbric approximation of "Theodoric" while his father's name is derived from "Theudebald", both Germanic names.

It is tempting, but perhaps misleading to draw links between these earlier Germanic settlers with the later Anglo-Saxons. For one thing, the Frisians, Franks, and Alemanni were much more culturally Romanized than the Saxons and were distinct cultural groups. Many of them were literate in Latin, reached high positions in the Roman army and likely considered themselves Romans. Through the example of Edobichus, we can see some chose regional over ethnic loyalties. Some, like the ancestors of Tewdrig, seem to have assimilated into the British rather than oncoming Anglo-Saxon populations. However, the link between earlier Roman and later post-Roman settlement of the Frisians is unclear.
submitted by Wickbam to Arthurian [link] [comments]


2020.09.07 21:41 CopperAlloyMan Granting Titles in South England

Granting Titles in South England
Hello,
I have conquered, lied and conspired my way to control of most of the south of England. My domain limit just jumped from an acceptable 10 to unmanageable 18 after my brother and liege died in a battle shortly after his heir 'tripped and fell'. I have the conniving part of this game down but am still learning about how best to grant titles and it seems I have several options. Quick facts, I have 4 sons, 1 daughter. I cannot make the Kingdom of England until I conquer two more counties. I am playing on the early start date as Alfred.
Option A) Should I just give 2 of my non-heir sons an entire duchy each. So son 1 gets Wessex (4 counties), son 2 gets Hwicce (4 counties), son 3 gets East Anglia or something after I conquer 2 more counties to form England title. (keeps land in my family name but unsure if giving my kids too much power is good or bad)
Option B) Give above sons only the main holding county of said duchys (holding with the dutchy building) and give knights, vassals, court members etc. remaining counties, thus spreading power thin (but doesnt this put me at risk of losing those lands if they marry?)
https://preview.redd.it/1syarsqk2sl51.jpg?width=2322&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=4ca0ecc0a83820d676191a0937082f1c60531606
submitted by CopperAlloyMan to CrusaderKings [link] [comments]


2020.09.04 00:51 BuffetBerg Google Is Not What It Seems

In this extract from his new book When Google Met Wikileaks, WikiLeaks' publisher Julian Assange describes the special relationship between Google, Hillary Clinton and the State Department -- and what that means for the future of the internet.
* * *
Eric Schmidt is an influential figure, even among the parade of powerful characters with whom I have had to cross paths since I founded WikiLeaks. In mid-May 2011 I was under house arrest in rural Norfolk, about three hours’ drive northeast of London. The crackdown against our work was in full swing and every wasted moment seemed like an eternity. It was hard to get my attention. But when my colleague Joseph Farrell told me the executive chairman of Google wanted to make an appointment with me, I was listening.
In some ways the higher echelons of Google seemed more distant and obscure to me than the halls of Washington. We had been locking horns with senior US officials for years by that point. The mystique had worn off. But the power centers growing up in Silicon Valley were still opaque and I was suddenly conscious of an opportunity to understand and influence what was becoming the most influential company on earth. Schmidt had taken over as CEO of Google in 2001 and built it into an empire.1
I was intrigued that the mountain would come to Muhammad. But it was not until well after Schmidt and his companions had been and gone that I came to understand who had really visited me.
* * *
The stated reason for the visit was a book. Schmidt was penning a treatise with Jared Cohen, the director of Google Ideas, an outfit that describes itself as Google’s in-house “think/do tank.” I knew little else about Cohen at the time. In fact, Cohen had moved to Google from the US State Department in 2010. He had been a fast-talking “Generation Y” ideas man at State under two US administrations, a courtier from the world of policy think tanks and institutes, poached in his early twenties. He became a senior advisor for Secretaries of State Rice and Clinton. At State, on the Policy Planning Staff, Cohen was soon christened “Condi’s party-starter,” channeling buzzwords from Silicon Valley into US policy circles and producing delightful rhetorical concoctions such as “Public Diplomacy 2.0.”2 On his Council on Foreign Relations adjunct staff page he listed his expertise as “terrorism; radicalization; impact of connection technologies on 21st century statecraft; Iran.”3 📷 Director of Google Ideas, and "geopolitical visionary" Jared Cohen shares his vision with US Army recruits in a lecture theatre at West Point Military Academy on 26 Feb 2014 (Instagram by Eric Schmidt) It was Cohen who, while he was still at the Department of State, was said to have emailed Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey to delay scheduled maintenance in order to assist the aborted 2009 uprising in Iran.4 His documented love affair with Google began the same year, when he befriended Eric Schmidt as they together surveyed the post-occupation wreckage of Baghdad. Just months later, Schmidt re-created Cohen’s natural habitat within Google itself by engineering a “think/do tank” based in New York and appointing Cohen as its head. Google Ideas was born. Later that year the two co-wrote a policy piece for the Council on Foreign Relations’ journal Foreign Affairs, praising the reformative potential of Silicon Valley technologies as an instrument of US foreign policy.5 Describing what they called “coalitions of the connected,”6 Schmidt and Cohen claimed that
Democratic states that have built coalitions of their militaries have the capacity to do the same with their connection technologies. . . . They offer a new way to exercise the duty to protect citizens around the world [emphasis added].7
In the same piece they argued that “this technology is overwhelmingly provided by the private sector.” Shortly afterwards, Tunisia. then Egypt, and then the rest of the Middle East, erupted in revolution. The echoes of these events on online social media became a spectacle for Western internet users. The professional commentariat, keen to rationalize uprisings against US-backed dictatorships, branded them "Twitter revolutions." Suddenly everyone wanted to be at the intersection point between US global power and social media, and Schmidt and Cohen had already staked out the territory. With the working title “The Empire of the Mind,” they began expanding their article to book length, and sought audiences with the big names of global tech and global power as part of their research.
They said they wanted to interview me. I agreed. A date was set for June.
📷 Eric Schmidt, Chairman of Google, at the "Pulse of Today's Global Economy" panel talk at the Clinton Global Initiative annual meeting, 26 Sept. 2013 in New York. Eric Schmidt first attended the CGI annual meeting at its opening plenary in 2010. (Photo: Mark Lennihan)
By the time June came around there was already a lot to talk about. That summer WikiLeaks was still grinding through the release of US diplomatic cables, publishing thousands of them every week. When, seven months earlier, we had first started releasing the cables, Hillary Clinton had denounced the publication as “an attack on the international community” that would “tear at the fabric” of government.
It was into this ferment that Google projected itself that June, touching down in a London airport and making the long drive up into East Anglia to Norfolk and Beccles. Schmidt arrived first, accompanied by his then partner, Lisa Shields. When he introduced her as a vice president of the Council on Foreign Relations—a US foreign-policy think tank with close ties to the State Department—I thought little more of it. Shields herself was straight out of Camelot, having been spotted by John Kennedy Jr.’s side back in the early 1990s. They sat with me and we exchanged pleasantries. They said they had forgotten their dictaphone, so we used mine. We made an agreement that I would forward them the recording and in exchange they would forward me the transcript, to be corrected for accuracy and clarity. We began. Schmidt plunged in at the deep end, straightaway quizzing me on the organizational and technological underpinnings of WikiLeaks.
Some time later Jared Cohen arrived. With him was Scott Malcomson, introduced as the book’s editor. Three months after the meeting Malcomson would enter the State Department as the lead speechwriter and principal advisor to Susan Rice (then US ambassador to the United Nations, now national security advisor). He had previously served as a senior advisor at the United Nations, and is a longtime member of the Council on Foreign Relations. At the time of writing, he is the director of communications at the International Crisis Group.8
At this point, the delegation was one part Google, three parts US foreign-policy establishment, but I was still none the wiser. Handshakes out of the way, we got down to business.
📷 Google's Chairman, Eric Schmidt, photographed in a New York elevator, carrying Henry Kissinger's new book, "World Order", 25 Sep 2014
Schmidt was a good foil. A late-fiftysomething, squint-eyed behind owlish spectacles, managerially dressed—Schmidt’s dour appearance concealed a machinelike analyticity. His questions often skipped to the heart of the matter, betraying a powerful nonverbal structural intelligence. It was the same intellect that had abstracted software-engineering principles to scale Google into a megacorp, ensuring that the corporate infrastructure always met the rate of growth. This was a person who understood how to build and maintain systems: systems of information and systems of people. My world was new to him, but it was also a world of unfolding human processes, scale, and information flows.
For a man of systematic intelligence, Schmidt’s politics—such as I could hear from our discussion—were surprisingly conventional, even banal. He grasped structural relationships quickly, but struggled to verbalize many of them, often shoehorning geopolitical subtleties into Silicon Valley marketese or the ossified State Department microlanguage of his companions.9 He was at his best when he was speaking (perhaps without realizing it) as an engineer, breaking down complexities into their orthogonal components.
I found Cohen a good listener, but a less interesting thinker, possessed of that relentless conviviality that routinely afflicts career generalists and Rhodes scholars. As you would expect from his foreign-policy background, Cohen had a knowledge of international flash points and conflicts and moved rapidly between them, detailing different scenarios to test my assertions. But it sometimes felt as if he was riffing on orthodoxies in a way that was designed to impress his former colleagues in official Washington. Malcomson, older, was more pensive, his input thoughtful and generous. Shields was quiet for much of the conversation, taking notes, humoring the bigger egos around the table while she got on with the real work.
As the interviewee I was expected to do most of the talking. I sought to guide them into my worldview. To their credit, I consider the interview perhaps the best I have given. I was out of my comfort zone and I liked it. We ate and then took a walk in the grounds, all the while on the record. I asked Eric Schmidt to leak US government information requests to WikiLeaks, and he refused, suddenly nervous, citing the illegality of disclosing Patriot Act requests. And then as the evening came on it was done and they were gone, back to the unreal, remote halls of information empire, and I was left to get back to my work. That was the end of it, or so I thought.
More......
https://wikileaks.org/google-is-not-what-it-seems/
submitted by BuffetBerg to conspiracyundone [link] [comments]


2020.09.04 00:40 BuffetBerg Google Is Not What It Seems

In this extract from his new book When Google Met Wikileaks, WikiLeaks' publisher Julian Assange describes the special relationship between Google, Hillary Clinton and the State Department -- and what that means for the future of the internet.
* * *
Eric Schmidt is an influential figure, even among the parade of powerful characters with whom I have had to cross paths since I founded WikiLeaks. In mid-May 2011 I was under house arrest in rural Norfolk, about three hours’ drive northeast of London. The crackdown against our work was in full swing and every wasted moment seemed like an eternity. It was hard to get my attention. But when my colleague Joseph Farrell told me the executive chairman of Google wanted to make an appointment with me, I was listening.
In some ways the higher echelons of Google seemed more distant and obscure to me than the halls of Washington. We had been locking horns with senior US officials for years by that point. The mystique had worn off. But the power centers growing up in Silicon Valley were still opaque and I was suddenly conscious of an opportunity to understand and influence what was becoming the most influential company on earth. Schmidt had taken over as CEO of Google in 2001 and built it into an empire.1
I was intrigued that the mountain would come to Muhammad. But it was not until well after Schmidt and his companions had been and gone that I came to understand who had really visited me.
* * *
The stated reason for the visit was a book. Schmidt was penning a treatise with Jared Cohen, the director of Google Ideas, an outfit that describes itself as Google’s in-house “think/do tank.” I knew little else about Cohen at the time. In fact, Cohen had moved to Google from the US State Department in 2010. He had been a fast-talking “Generation Y” ideas man at State under two US administrations, a courtier from the world of policy think tanks and institutes, poached in his early twenties. He became a senior advisor for Secretaries of State Rice and Clinton. At State, on the Policy Planning Staff, Cohen was soon christened “Condi’s party-starter,” channeling buzzwords from Silicon Valley into US policy circles and producing delightful rhetorical concoctions such as “Public Diplomacy 2.0.”2 On his Council on Foreign Relations adjunct staff page he listed his expertise as “terrorism; radicalization; impact of connection technologies on 21st century statecraft; Iran.”3 📷 Director of Google Ideas, and "geopolitical visionary" Jared Cohen shares his vision with US Army recruits in a lecture theatre at West Point Military Academy on 26 Feb 2014 (Instagram by Eric Schmidt) It was Cohen who, while he was still at the Department of State, was said to have emailed Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey to delay scheduled maintenance in order to assist the aborted 2009 uprising in Iran.4 His documented love affair with Google began the same year, when he befriended Eric Schmidt as they together surveyed the post-occupation wreckage of Baghdad. Just months later, Schmidt re-created Cohen’s natural habitat within Google itself by engineering a “think/do tank” based in New York and appointing Cohen as its head. Google Ideas was born. Later that year the two co-wrote a policy piece for the Council on Foreign Relations’ journal Foreign Affairs, praising the reformative potential of Silicon Valley technologies as an instrument of US foreign policy.5 Describing what they called “coalitions of the connected,”6 Schmidt and Cohen claimed that
Democratic states that have built coalitions of their militaries have the capacity to do the same with their connection technologies. . . . They offer a new way to exercise the duty to protect citizens around the world [emphasis added].7
In the same piece they argued that “this technology is overwhelmingly provided by the private sector.” Shortly afterwards, Tunisia. then Egypt, and then the rest of the Middle East, erupted in revolution. The echoes of these events on online social media became a spectacle for Western internet users. The professional commentariat, keen to rationalize uprisings against US-backed dictatorships, branded them "Twitter revolutions." Suddenly everyone wanted to be at the intersection point between US global power and social media, and Schmidt and Cohen had already staked out the territory. With the working title “The Empire of the Mind,” they began expanding their article to book length, and sought audiences with the big names of global tech and global power as part of their research.
They said they wanted to interview me. I agreed. A date was set for June.
📷 Eric Schmidt, Chairman of Google, at the "Pulse of Today's Global Economy" panel talk at the Clinton Global Initiative annual meeting, 26 Sept. 2013 in New York. Eric Schmidt first attended the CGI annual meeting at its opening plenary in 2010. (Photo: Mark Lennihan)
By the time June came around there was already a lot to talk about. That summer WikiLeaks was still grinding through the release of US diplomatic cables, publishing thousands of them every week. When, seven months earlier, we had first started releasing the cables, Hillary Clinton had denounced the publication as “an attack on the international community” that would “tear at the fabric” of government.
It was into this ferment that Google projected itself that June, touching down in a London airport and making the long drive up into East Anglia to Norfolk and Beccles. Schmidt arrived first, accompanied by his then partner, Lisa Shields. When he introduced her as a vice president of the Council on Foreign Relations—a US foreign-policy think tank with close ties to the State Department—I thought little more of it. Shields herself was straight out of Camelot, having been spotted by John Kennedy Jr.’s side back in the early 1990s. They sat with me and we exchanged pleasantries. They said they had forgotten their dictaphone, so we used mine. We made an agreement that I would forward them the recording and in exchange they would forward me the transcript, to be corrected for accuracy and clarity. We began. Schmidt plunged in at the deep end, straightaway quizzing me on the organizational and technological underpinnings of WikiLeaks.
Some time later Jared Cohen arrived. With him was Scott Malcomson, introduced as the book’s editor. Three months after the meeting Malcomson would enter the State Department as the lead speechwriter and principal advisor to Susan Rice (then US ambassador to the United Nations, now national security advisor). He had previously served as a senior advisor at the United Nations, and is a longtime member of the Council on Foreign Relations. At the time of writing, he is the director of communications at the International Crisis Group.8
At this point, the delegation was one part Google, three parts US foreign-policy establishment, but I was still none the wiser. Handshakes out of the way, we got down to business.
📷 Google's Chairman, Eric Schmidt, photographed in a New York elevator, carrying Henry Kissinger's new book, "World Order", 25 Sep 2014
Schmidt was a good foil. A late-fiftysomething, squint-eyed behind owlish spectacles, managerially dressed—Schmidt’s dour appearance concealed a machinelike analyticity. His questions often skipped to the heart of the matter, betraying a powerful nonverbal structural intelligence. It was the same intellect that had abstracted software-engineering principles to scale Google into a megacorp, ensuring that the corporate infrastructure always met the rate of growth. This was a person who understood how to build and maintain systems: systems of information and systems of people. My world was new to him, but it was also a world of unfolding human processes, scale, and information flows.
For a man of systematic intelligence, Schmidt’s politics—such as I could hear from our discussion—were surprisingly conventional, even banal. He grasped structural relationships quickly, but struggled to verbalize many of them, often shoehorning geopolitical subtleties into Silicon Valley marketese or the ossified State Department microlanguage of his companions.9 He was at his best when he was speaking (perhaps without realizing it) as an engineer, breaking down complexities into their orthogonal components.
I found Cohen a good listener, but a less interesting thinker, possessed of that relentless conviviality that routinely afflicts career generalists and Rhodes scholars. As you would expect from his foreign-policy background, Cohen had a knowledge of international flash points and conflicts and moved rapidly between them, detailing different scenarios to test my assertions. But it sometimes felt as if he was riffing on orthodoxies in a way that was designed to impress his former colleagues in official Washington. Malcomson, older, was more pensive, his input thoughtful and generous. Shields was quiet for much of the conversation, taking notes, humoring the bigger egos around the table while she got on with the real work.
As the interviewee I was expected to do most of the talking. I sought to guide them into my worldview. To their credit, I consider the interview perhaps the best I have given. I was out of my comfort zone and I liked it. We ate and then took a walk in the grounds, all the while on the record. I asked Eric Schmidt to leak US government information requests to WikiLeaks, and he refused, suddenly nervous, citing the illegality of disclosing Patriot Act requests. And then as the evening came on it was done and they were gone, back to the unreal, remote halls of information empire, and I was left to get back to my work. That was the end of it, or so I thought.
More......
https://wikileaks.org/google-is-not-what-it-seems/
submitted by BuffetBerg to conspiracytheories [link] [comments]


2020.08.25 12:04 Ozo_Life BP drugs may improve COVID-19 survival rates, study says

BP drugs may improve COVID-19 survival rates, study says
  • Medication for high blood pressure may improve COVID-19 survival rates, and reduce the severity of novel coronavirus infection, particularly in patients with hypertension, according to a study.
  • Researchers from the University of East Anglia in the UK studied 28,000 patients taking antihypertensives -- a class of drugs that are used to treat hypertension or high blood pressure.

https://preview.redd.it/pj8868kjg4j51.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=af9e7ddcabb725f752d4ad6404ae6c6af7b7f6b8
Medication for high blood pressure may improve COVID-19 survival rates, and reduce the severity of novel coronavirus infection, particularly in patients with hypertension, according to a study.
Researchers from the University of East Anglia in the UK studied 28,000 patients taking antihypertensives -- a class of drugs that are used to treat hypertension or high blood pressure.
The study, published in the journal Current Atherosclerosis Reports, found that the risk of severe COVID-19 illness and death was reduced for patients with high blood pressure who were taking Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme inhibitors or Angiotensin Receptor Blockers ."We know that patients with cardiovascular diseases are at particular risk of severe Covid-19 infection," said lead researcher Vassilios Vassiliou, from UEA's Norwich Medical School."But at the start of the pandemic, there was concern that specific medications for high blood pressure could be linked with worse outcomes for COVID-19 patients," Vassiliou said.
The researchers, including those from Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, analysed what the impact of these medications is for people with COVID-19.
They studied the outcomes for patients taking antihypertensives, looking particularly at what is called 'critical' outcomes such as being admitted to intensive care or being put on a ventilator, and death.
The team analysed data from 19 studies related to COVID-19 and ACEi and ARB medications. The researchers noted that their meta-analysis involved more than 28,000 patients and is the largest and most detailed such study to date.
They compared data from COVID-19 patients who were taking ACEi or ARB medications with those who were not -- focusing on whether they experienced 'critical' events and death."We found that a third of COVID-19 patients with high blood pressure and a quarter of patients overall were taking an ACEi/ARBs. This is likely due to the increasing risk of infection in patients with co-morbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension and diabetes," said Vassiliou.
"But the really important thing that we showed was that there is no evidence that these medications might increase the severity of COVID-19 or risk of death," he said.
On the contrary, the researchers found that there was a significantly lower risk of death and critical outcomes, so they might in fact have a protective role -- particularly in patients with hypertension.
COVID-19 patients with high blood pressure who were taking ACEi/ARB medications were 0.67 times less likely to have a critical or fatal outcome than those not taking these medications, according to the study.
"Our research provides substantial evidence to recommend continued use of these medications if the patients were taking them already," said Vassiliou.
"However, we are not able to address whether starting such tablets acutely in patients with Covid-19 might improve their prognosis, as the mechanism of action might be different," he added.
Reported by: https://www.livemint.com/news/india/bp-drugs-may-improve-covid-19-survival-rates-study-says-11598252611440.html
submitted by Ozo_Life to u/Ozo_Life [link] [comments]


2020.08.24 21:01 autotldr Man 'reinfected with virus after four months'

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 49%. (I'm a bot)
Hong Kong scientists are reporting the case of a healthy man in his 30s who became reinfected with coronavirus four and a half months after his first bout.
They say genome sequencing shows the two strains of the virus are "Clearly different", making it the world's first proven case of reinfection.
The World Health Organization warns it is important not to jump to conclusions based on the case of one patient.
This report, by the University of Hong Kong, due to be published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, says the man spent 14 days in hospital before recovering from the virus but then, despite having no further symptoms, tested positive for the virus a second time, following a saliva test during airport screening.
"Dr Jeffrey Barrett, senior scientific consultant for the Covid-19 genome project at the Wellcome Sanger Institute, said:"Given the number of global infections to date, seeing one case of reinfection is not that surprising even if it is a very rare occurrence.
Prof Paul Hunter, from the University of East Anglia, said more information about this and other cases of reinfection was needed "Before we can really understand the implications".
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: case#1 virus#2 reinfection#3 World#4 infection#5
Post found in /worldnews, /news and /Coronavirus.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]


2020.08.24 19:01 autotldr Hong Kong reports 'first case' of virus reinfection

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 49%. (I'm a bot)
Hong Kong scientists are reporting the case of a healthy man in his 30s who became reinfected with coronavirus four and a half months after his first bout.
They say genome sequencing shows the two strains of the virus are "Clearly different", making it the world's first proven case of reinfection.
The World Health Organization warns it is important not to jump to conclusions based on the case of one patient.
This report, by the University of Hong Kong, due to be published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, says the man spent 14 days in hospital before recovering from the virus but then, despite having no further symptoms, tested positive for the virus a second time, following a saliva test during airport screening.
"Dr Jeffrey Barrett, senior scientific consultant for the Covid-19 genome project at the Wellcome Sanger Institute, said:"Given the number of global infections to date, seeing one case of reinfection is not that surprising even if it is a very rare occurrence.
Prof Paul Hunter, from the University of East Anglia, said more information about this and other cases of reinfection was needed "Before we can really understand the implications".
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: case#1 virus#2 reinfection#3 World#4 infection#5
Post found in /worldnews, /CertifiedNews and /ScienceFeed.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]


2020.08.12 18:13 Gall-Ghaeil Irish-Vikings in the Great Heathen Army

Backgound Today I would like to start off by covering the background of the Irish-Viking. Dr Patrick F. Wallace defines Irish-Vikings as Vikings that move between Britain and Ireland using Dublin as their main base of operation from 840-892. For example the movements of Olaf the White and Ivar the boneless from Dublin to Britain. This is not to call them Irish from birth or from a nationalinst point of view, but to monitor their development from Norse to Ostmen. As it can be difficult not to mix up the vikings going from Britian to Iceland, Norway and Denamark ect. Ivar the Bonless is first mentioned in contemporary Irish annals in 857 called Ímar, four years after his brother Amlaíb Conung is recorded as arriving in Ireland. The later Fragmentary Annals of Ireland suggest Ivar may have come to Ireland shortly after his brother.
Also in this year, i.e. the sixth year of the reign of Máel Sechlainn, Amlaíb Conung, son of the king of Lochlann, came to Ireland, and he brought with him a proclamation of many tributes and taxes from his father, and he departed suddenly. Then his younger brother Ivar came after him to levy the same tribute.
Ivar and Amlaíb were joined in Ireland by another brother, Auisle, sometime before 863. From this date onwards the three brothers are described as "kings of the foreigners" by the annals, but in modern texts they are usually labelled as kings of Dublin, after the Viking settlement which was the base of their power.
The North In late 865 the Great Heathen Army, led by Ivar, invades the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy. The Great Heathen Army encamped in the Isle of Thanet and was promised by the people of Kent danegeld in exchange for peace. Regardless, the Vikings did not abide by this agreement and proceeded to rampage across eastern Kent. The Vikings used East Anglia as a starting point for an invasion. The East Anglians made peace with the invaders by providing them with horses. The Vikings stayed in East Anglia for the winter before setting out for Northumbria towards the end of 866. The invasion according to the later sagas was organised by the sons of Ragnar Lodbrok, to wreak revenge against Ælla of Northumbria who had executed Ragnar in 865 by throwing him in a snake pit. According to the saga, Ivar did not overcome Ælla and sought reconciliation. He asked for only as much land as he could cover with an ox's hide and swore never to wage war against Ælla. Then Ivar cut the ox's hide into such fine strands that he could envelop York. Late the next year, the army turned north and invaded Northumbria, eventually capturing Ælla at York in 867. According to legend, Ælla was executed by Ivar and his brothers using the blood eagle, a ritual method of execution of debated historicity whereby the ribcage is opened from behind and the lungs are pulled out, forming a wing-like shape. After the death of Ælla, Ivar and his army established themselves at York. In 867, the Northumbrians paid danegeld and the Viking Army established a puppet leader in Northumbria before setting off for the Kingdom of Mercia.
East Anglia Ivar and his allies captured the town of Nottingham, where they spent the winter. King Burgred of Mercia requested help from the king of Wessex to help fight the Vikings. A combined army from Wessex and Mercia besieged the city of Nottingham with no clear result, so the Mercians settled on paying the Vikings off to withdraw to York. The Vikings returned to Northumbria in autumn 868 and overwintered in York, staying there for most of 869. They returned to East Anglia and spent the winter of 869–70 at Thetford. Ivar and Ubba are identified as the commanders of the Danes in the Saxon chronicles when they returned to East Anglia in 869 While in Thetford, they were attacked by Edmund, king of East Anglia, with whom they had no peace agreement. The Viking army was victorious in these battles, and Edmund was captured, possibly tortured, and killed. He would later come to be known as Edmund the Martyr for refusing their demand that he renounce Christ. How true the accounts are of Edmund's death is unknown, but it has been suggested that his capture and execution is not an unlikely thing to have happened. Edmund the Martyr was killed when he was tied to a tree and had arrors shot at him by Ivar’s men. Ivar and Ubba wanted to see if the story of Saint Sebastian was true. Ivar disappears from the Saxon historical record sometime after 870 but reappers in the Ulster Annals (Ireland’s history books.)
Return to the Irish Sea In 870 the Irish annals record that Dumbarton Rock in Scotland, the chief fortress of the kingdom of Strathclyde, was successfully captured by Ivar the Bonless and Olaf the White following a four month long siege. The pair returned to Dublin in 871 with 200 ships and they "brought with them in captivity a great prey of Angles, Britons and Picts".According to the Fragmentary Annals Olaf the White returned to Lochlann that year to aid their father in a war, leaving Ivar to rule alone. The Pictish Chronicle claims Olaf died around 874 during a protracted campaign against Constantine I in Scotland. The Fragmentary Annals record the death of Ivar's father, Gofraid, in 873. The final mention of Ivar in contemporary annals is also in 873 when his death is reported. In these reports he is titled "king of the Norsemen of all Ireland and Britain". According to Ó Corrain the evidence suggests that by his death Ímar's kingdom (including the territory formerly ruled by his father) included Man, the Western Isles, Argyll, Caithness, Sutherland, Orkney, and parts of the coastline of Ross and Cromarty and Inverness. .
Aftermath In the Aftermath of the death of Ivar the Boneless and Olaf the White, Ivar’s son Bárid mac Ímair would be their to pick up the pieces. Many Vikings rulers would claim to be King of Dublin but only one man held on to the city, that was Bárid.
In 877 after the war with the Vikings and the Saxons was over Bárid’s uncle Halfdan Ragnarsson looked to take Dublin from Bárid. Halfdan Ragnarsson had killed Bárid’s close cousin Oistin mac Amlaíb two years earlier. In the annals Halfdan Ragnarsson is seen as a foreigner and Bárid mac Ímair is written as having old family roots to Dublin. This should not be seen as a shock As Bárid mac Ímair had married an Irish woman, had given his children Irish names and fostered them in to Irish homes. Bárid had also fostrered Irish children. The most famous was the sons of Áed Findliath, overking of the Northern Uí Néill. Bárid mac Ímair was seen by the people of Ireland as having been the righful king of Dublin, not this foreigner Halfdan Ragnarsson. In 877 the two sides of Bárid mac Ímair and Halfdan Ragnarsson met for the Battle of Strangford Lough. In the middle of a skirmish during the battle, Halfdan fell and Bárid was wounded. Those of Halfdan's men who survived the battle returned to Northumbria via Scotland, fighting a battle along the way in which Constantine I, King of the Picts, was killed. The Vikings of Northumbria remained kingless until 883, when Guthfrith was made king there. From this point on Bárid mac Ímair was seen as the rightful king of Dublin and the Hiberno-Scandinavians, and it would not be long until the Irish-Vikings returned to England to take their father Ivar’s lands back. From this point onward the Ostmen (Irish-Vikings) are speaking Irish from their mother, thery’re fostered into Irish homes and they marry Irish women. At the Same time they are still linked to the wider Norse world from their father.
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2020.08.11 04:13 HiggerPie Heretic Pope Hadrianus - Founder of the Waldensian Papacy

TL;DR - The Papacy in my current ironman game is Waldensian. This is Pope Caelestinus II, the 3rd Waldensian Pope.
For context, I started in 769 as the count of Corsica. Now on my 9th character in 974, I'm Queen of Sardinia and Corsica. During her predecessor's reign, the 2nd crusade successfully ousted Germanic pagans from the Kingdom of England. I'm not totally sure how, but the pope (Stephanus V) ended up with the titles for the Duchy of East Anglia and the Kingdom of England.
Shortly before my 8th character's death, a new pope (Hadrianus) took office. I took a second to check his character card and saw that he was a Waldensian heretic and that I had a larger army than him, so I declared a holy war for the duchy of Latium. I did not know at the time, but my understanding now is that a heretic pope is supposed to be impossible.
And that's not the only strange thing about "Pope" Hadrianus:
He is now titled "King-Bishop Hadrianus of England". The Kingdom of England is listed as his primary title instead of the Papacy. The title history says he "inherited" it, where all other titles for all popes (including his other titles) say "elected".
Where all previous popes have the kingdom-tier titular title for the Papal States, King-Bishop Hadrianus holds the title for the Kingdom of Romagna. According to the wiki, the pope is the only character in the game who cannot hold the Kingdom of Romagna title, and should always get the title for the Papal States instead.
King-Bishop Hadrianus is also the only pope going back to my 769 start date who is listed as a member of a dynasty (House Spinola, a lineage of minor merchant republic rulers with a house prestige of 124). No other popes have parents or siblings listed, though some have children.
And last but not least...
When Hadrianus died he was succeeded by another Waldensian! And that pope was succeeded by another Waldensian (the current pope)! So Pope Hadrianus apparently established a heretic papacy. After my successful holy war for Latium, he was invaded in England as well. The pope is now an unlanded Waldensian heretic "residing" in Rome (not in my court even thought it's my demesne) and he is still the head of the Catholic faith.
submitted by HiggerPie to CrusaderKings [link] [comments]


2020.07.30 01:00 LearningIsListening A not-so-brief rundown of the letter ‘R’ in Jeffrey Epstein's 'Little Black Book'

Below is a rundown of the letter ‘R’ under Epstein's contacts. Last year, I wrote about letters A-C. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/cpis3n/a_brief_rundown_of_the_first_ten_pages_of_jeffrey/).
I also wrote about letters D-F on July 5, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hlrba8/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_df_in_jeffrey/).
I posted letters G-I on July 13, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hqko0y/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_gi_in_jeffrey/).
I posted letters J-L on July 15, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hrq9bg/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_jl_of_jeffrey/).
I posted letter M on July 20, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/huw0yt/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_the_letter_m_in_jeffrey/).
I posted letters N-Q on July 27, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hyudbz/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_the_letters_nq_in_jeffrey/). There are some misspelled names. Epstein entered their names like this.
I have bolded some of the more interesting connections and information, but there could be much more that I overlooked. I hope something here strikes an interest in someone and maybe we can get more investigations out of this. Please, if you know anything more about any of these people than what is presented here, post below. I am working off of the unredacted black book found here: https://www.coreysdigs.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Jeffrey-Epsteins-Little-Black-Book-unredacted.pdf
R
Rachline, Nicholas: Best friend of Harvey Weinstein for over 30 years (https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/champs-elysees-film-festival-harvey-weinstein-334309), Rachline is a photographer. Rachline was also editor-in-chief of Above, a magazine dedicated to environmental protection, until its final issue a few years later. Contributors to the magazine included David de Rothschild, Robert F. Kennedy Jr, Richard Branson, and other well-known figures. The biannual magazine was distributed by Conde Nast, which also owns Tatler, Vogue, Glamour, GQ, Vanity Fair, The New Yorker, and other influential publications. Jeffrey Epstein’s connections to Conde Nast publications - specifically Tatler and Vogue - continues to grow.
Radziwill, Carole: Journalist for ABC News who also wrote a monthly column for Glamour (owned by Conde Nast). Carole was on the Real Housewives of New York City for 6 seasons. Carole was a good friend of Ghislaine Maxwell’s in the early 2000s. Maxwell even set her up with Prince Andrew after Carole’s husband, Prince Anthony Radziwill, died of cancer in 1999 (https://www.nickiswift.com/224731/the-truth-about-carole-radziwill-ghislaine-maxwell/). Radziwill was the nephew of Jacqueline Kennedy (JFK’s wife) and son of Polish Prince Stanislaw Albrecht Radziwill. He also served as best man at JFK Jr.’s wedding. There are several pictures of Carole and Ghislaine circulating which forced her to make a statement regarding her relationship with Maxwell and Epstein, whom she says she only met once.
Rankin, Mr Gavin: The former Europe, Middle East, and Asia (EMEA) head of managed investments for Citi Private Bank. Now works for HSBC in a similar position. Has ties to the Royal Family. His restaurant, Bellamy’s, is the “only restaurant where the Monarch has ever dined at (https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-3504185/The-Queen-goes-dinner-Bellamy-s-restaurant.html).” The Queen even celebrated her 80th birthday there. Looking at the menu prices, it seems an odd choice considering it’s not some super high-end eatery. Rankin is also the heir apparent to the Rankin Baronetcy.
Rappaport, Don: Co-founder and CEO of American List Counsel (ALC). The ALC tried to sell personal information on one-million kids (ages 14-17), along with their parents’ names, household incomes, and ethnicities to advertising companies (https://www.mcall.com/news/breaking/mc-nws-data-broker-personal-info-20190319-story.html) just last year. In other words, Mr. Rappaport runs a company that collects data on children and sells this information to whomever is willing to buy it. Who else is Rappaport sharing this information with?
Rattazzi, Isabel: Former model. Isabel is a Countess through her marriage to Lupo dei Conti Rattazzi. Her husband is the son of Susanna Agnelli, former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Member of Parliament in Italy. The Agnelli family are controlling shareholders of Fiat Automobiles.
Raynes, Patty: Daughter of billionaire oil and entertainment mogul, Marvin Davis (1925-2004). Patty is a well-known socialite in the Hamptons. Raynes hung out in the same circles as Ghislaine and Epstein. Her husband is a real estate developer.
Reardan, Kate: Editor of Tatler (another Tatler connection!) magazine from 2011-2017. Previously worked for Vanity Fair, another Conde Nast publication. Reardon was named one of London’s 1000 Most Influential People by the Evening Standard in 2007. She once dated Rupert Fairfax, aide to Prince Charles.
Reynal Michael: International investment banker.
Reynal, Miguel: There are a few Miguel Reynals. I believe it is the investment banker who once worked for Deutsche Bank because of the connection between Epstein and Deutsche Bank.
Reza, Ali: Founder of aviation company Freestream Aircraft Limited. Routinely deals with the wealthy and powerful (https://www.cnbc.com/2018/05/11/sanctioned-russian-tycoon-hands-back-his-private-jets.html).
Ritblat, Nick Rebecca Willis: Nick is the son of John Ritblat, the former Chairman and CEO of British Land, one of the largest property development and investment companies in the UK. Nick has followed in his father’s footsteps, as he is also in the property development game.
Ritson Thomas Rupert: Descendent of James Bond author, Ian Fleming (https://www.henleystandard.co.uk/news/community/136373/james-bond-authors-descendents-win-1-2-million-claim-on-school-land.html). Attends parties with royalty (https://www.tatler.com/gallery/royal-ascot-2000). Brother of famous photographer, Hugo Rittson-Thomas, who supports The National Deaf Children’s Society.
Rivers, Joan (and Melissa Rivers): Joan was a very popular comedian and actress who died in 2014 during surgery. Many think she was murdered because of her comments about Michelle Obama’s gender. Joan was friends with Ghislaine Maxwell and knew her since at least the early ‘90s (https://www.salon.com/2019/07/09/i-was-a-friend-of-jeffrey-epstein-heres-what-i-know/). Joan was also good friends with Prince Charles and had a tight relationship with the Royal Family, as she often attended Royal events (https://www.biography.com/news/joan-rivers-prince-charles-friendship). Melissa is her daughter. She has no discernible talent whatsoever.
Robert, Joseph & Jill: Joseph E. Robert Jr. was an international real estate investor. Robert was known for his philanthropy. He donated $25 million (and raised $150 million more) to finance research on reducing the pain that children experience during surgery. He has been credited with raising nearly $1 billion for children’s charities ((https://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/09/business/joseph-e-robert-jr-investor-in-real-estate-dies-at-59.html). Robert founded Fight for Children, a charity meant to support at-risk children in Washington D.C. (https://www.fightforchildren.org/joseph-e-robert-j). Robert also donated a lot of money to Children’s National Hospital (https://www.bizjournals.com/washington/news/2019/10/24/here-s-what-children-s-national-is-bringing-to-the.html), which has scholarships named in his honor. He died of brain cancer in 2011. Jill was his wife.
Roberts, Deb: 99% sure this is the TV journalist for ABC News and wife of famous weatherman/TV personality Al Roker.
Robilant, Mr Edmondo di Maya: Edmondo is a fine art dealer. His wife, Maya, is a University lecturer, journalist, and television presenter.
Robin: Robin DeMetz is a personal friend of Epstein pal/alleged accomplice Naomi Campbell (https://www.nytimes.com/2003/04/30/nyregion/boldface-names-482374.html). She is married to Hasz DeMetz, who is in the diamond mining business.
Robinski, Kasia/Pod: Kasia is an investor and serves as director for several companies. No clue who/what Pod refers to.
Robinson, Jo & Lisa Shields: Lisa is the Vice President of Global Communications and Media Relations for the Council on Foreign Relations, where Epstein used to serve. No info on Joe, although I believe he is the gentleman on the left in this picture (https://www.patrickmcmullan.com/photo/0361960).
Rocksavage, David: The 7th Marquess of Cholmondeley and the Lord Great Chamberlain of the UK. He is a descendant of the Rothschild and Sassoon families through his grandmother, Sybil Sassoon. He is also the descendant of Britain’s first Prime Minister, Sir Robert Walpole. The Marquess doesn’t keep the best company. The Godfather of his twins bilked L’Oreal heiress, Liliane Bettencourt, out of £850 million in 2010 https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1295083/L-Oreal-fraud-suspect-Marquess.html). He was convicted of ‘abuse of weakness’ in 2016. Rocksavage’s wife, Rose Hanbury, is the Marchioness of Cholmondeley. She is a patron of East Anglia’s Children’s Hospices (EACH) along with Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge, and other royalty. Last year, there were rumors that Rose Hanbury had an affair with Prince William, Prince Charles’s eldest son and husband of Kate Middleton (https://news.yahoo.com/6-things-know-rose-hanbury-164552520.html).
Roedy, Bill: Former Vice President at HBO, former head honcho at MTV Europe, and Global Health Advisor. In 2018, Roedy was named Vice Chair of Gavi, The Vaccine Alliance (https://www.gavi.org/gavi-board-appoints-bill-roedy-as-vice-chair), which was founded in 2000 by… the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (https://www.gavi.org/our-alliance/about)! Roedy not only serves on the Council on Foreign Relations just like Epstein once did (Epstein preceded Roedy), but he also had connections to Robert Maxwell, Ghislaine’s father.
Rolfe, Gail: Freelance journalist and fashion editor who once worked for Tatler (again) and The Times (https://www.hachette.com.au/gail-rolfe/).
Ronson, Lisa: Gerald Ronson’s daughter (see below).
Ronson, Mr & Mrs Gerald: British furniture and property development tycoon. Gerald is a big-time philanthropist. In addition to the number of Jewish groups he gives money to, Ronson also serves as Vice President of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC). a children’s charity that several others in Epstein’s ‘black book’ (Jemma Kidd, Tim Jeffries, Mary Glanville, Clare Hazell-Ivaegh, Ben Holland-Martin, Manilo Marocco) and Princess Margaret have served. The number of suspected pedophiles and child traffickers that are involved with the NSPCC is mindblowing. As if that weren’t enough, Gerald was also good friends with Greville Janner, ex-Leicester MP who was constantly accused of child abuse before his death, but was able to evade culpability due to police constantly bungling the evidence (https://www.leicestermercury.co.uk/news/leicester-news/ex-leicester-mp-greville-janner-3869479). Gerald’s wife, Gail, is also a philanthropist of Jewish charities. Her first big event in 1983 was attended by Prince Charles and Princess Diana.
Rose, Wendy & Joe: Now divorced, Wendi and Joe are both real estate magnates in New York. Joe worked for Mayor Giuliani from 1993-2001.
Rose, Charlie & Burden, Amanda: Charlie Rose is a (former) famous television journalist who hosted the eponymous talk show, Charlie Rose. Jeffrey Epstein and Charlie Rose were thick as thieves. In fact, Epstein (and his assistant) called Rose many times and would recommend potential young assistants for Charlie Rose to hire (https://nymag.com/intelligence2019/07/jeffrey-epstein-high-society-contacts.html). Epstein frequently lunched with and attended parties with Rose. Rose’s show was cancelled in 2017 when eight women came out and accused him of sexual harassment (https://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/eight-women-say-charlie-rose-sexually-harassed-them--with-nudity-groping-and-lewd-calls/2017/11/20/9b168de8-caec-11e7-8321-481fd63f174d_story.html). Since then, 27 more women have accused Charlie Rose of sexual harassment (https://www.vulture.com/2018/05/charlie-rose-27-women-new-accusers-sexual-harassment.html), bringing the grand total to 35. Rose also served on the Council on Foreign Relations, although I am unable to find out if his time there coincided with Epstein’s. Charlie’s former love interest, Amanda, has worked for Bloomberg since 2002, first as director of the New York City Department of City Planning, then as chair of the City Planning Commission, and now as a principal at Bloomberg Associates, a consulting service.
Rosen, Andrew: Fashion designer.
Rosen, Denis & Sylvia: Dennis was a well-respected British scientist. Sylvia was his wife and co-writer of London Science.
Rosencrantz, Ms Claudia: British television executive and journalist. She was Controller of Entertainment for ITV for over ten years. Voted one of Britain’s 50 most inspirational women in 2018 by the Daily Mail.
Rosenfield, Donald: Movie producer. Former President of Merchant Ivory Productions from 1986-1998.
Rosenstein, Rob: Co-founder of Agoda. Similar to Expedia, Orbitz, Priceline, etc, Agoda provides its users with information on flights and hotels
Rosenthal, Jane: Co-founder of the Tribeca Film Festival and Tribeca Productions film studio with Robert De Niro. Good friend of Ghislaine Maxwell (https://www.barefootpalmbeach.com/post/epstein) and Peggy Siegal (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/jane-rosenthal-and-peggy-siegal-attend-lunch-in-honor-of-news-photo/591348640), Epstein’s plug into New York celebrity society.
Roth, Peter Thomas & Noreen: Peter Thomas Roth is the founder of the skin care and cosmetics company that bears his name. Roth graduated from Dalton school in 1975, where Epstein taught him during his senior year. Roth has lauded Epstein as a “brilliant teacher.” Epstein later served Roth’s tutor to prepare him for the Wharton School at Penn (http://www.virginislandsdailynews.com/ap/how-epstein-went-from-teaching-to-wall-street/article_59c0234e-cf7d-59c3-96a7-bb8a04dacaa8.html). Roth admits to going to Epstein’s mansion once, although he says only middle-aged people were present (https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/12/nyregion/jeffrey-epstein-dalton-teacher.html). This story would be more plausible if Epstein didn’t have eight phone numbers, two addresses, and an email address listed under Roth’s name. It would also be more believable if they didn’t live two blocks away from each other in NYC. Noreen is Peter’s ex-wife. She serves as Managing Director of his company.
Rothchild, Jessica: Actually Jessica de Rothschild, daughter of billionaire financier Sir Evelyn de Rothschild (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/prince-charles-prince-of-wales-speaks-with-with-sir-evelyn-news-photo/467631086?adppopup=true) and Lynn Forester de Rothschild, close friend of Hillary Clinton. Jessica used to be a writer for Tatler magazine, which Epstein is deeply connected to through his contacts. Runs in the same circles as Epstein and Maxwell.
Rothchild, Hannah: The eldest child of Jacob Rothschild (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/lord-jacob-rothschild-attends-the-launch-of-the-stella-news-photo/972453692?adppopup=true), Hannah is a businesswoman and was the first female Chair of the Board of Trustees of the National Gallery in London. In 2018, Hannah took over as Chair of Yad Hanadiv (https://www.yadhanadiv.org.il/about-yad-hanadiv), a pro-Israel Rothschild organization/charity which has been running in its current form since 1958. The actual history dates back to the late 1800s when Baron Edmond de Rothschild sought to “support Jewish revival in Palestine.” Yad Hanadiv is responsible for building the Knesset (Israeli parliament), the Supreme Court, and is currently working on the New National Library in Israel. Hannah is also a Trustee of the Rothschild Foundation, which has been a long-time patron of… the NSPCC children’s charity (https://www.nspcc.org.uk/globalassets/documents/annual-reports/nspcc-annual-report-2006.pdf), where countless other suspected pedophiles and pedophile sympathizers find themselves orbiting.
Rothenburg, Rich: Former portfolio manager and researcher at Deutsche Bank, which was recently fined $150 million for ignoring Epstein’s suspicious transactions (https://www.cnn.com/2020/07/07/business/jeffrey-epstein-deutsche-bank-fine/index.html).
Rotherwick, Tania & Robin: Tania is an old friend of Ghislaine Maxwell (https://www.tatler.com/article/where-on-earth-is-ghislaine-maxwell) and ex-girlfriend of Prince Andrew. She is also the sister-in-law of Mark Carney, who served as the Governor of the Bank of England from 2013-2020. Her ex-husband, Robin Cayzer, is the 3rd Baron Rotherwick. He has served in the House of Lords since 1996.
Rothschild, Edouard de: Son of Guy de Rothschild, who was the great-great-grandson of Mayer Amschel Rothschild, the person responsible for founding the family’s banking empire in the 18th century. Edouard was head of the family’s Paris-based Rothschild & Cie Banque from 1987-2004, when he stepped down.
Rothschild, Evelyn de: Businessman and banker supposedly worth $20 billion, although many think it’s actually a lot more. In addition to poking Prince Charles (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/prince-charles-prince-of-wales-speaks-with-with-sir-evelyn-news-photo/467631086?adppopup=true), Evelyn has also asserted his dominance of many companies and corporations by acting as Chairman or Director of The Economist (1972-1989), De Beers (1977-1994), IBM, and many others. Evelyn has served as Queen Elizabeth II’s financial advisor for decades (https://www.jewoftheweek.net/2017/11/29/jews-of-the-week-evelyn-de-rothschild-jacob-rothschild/). Evelyn’s wife, Lynn Forester de Rothschild, was completely enamored with Epstein. Before his death, Epstein claimed that he loaned Lynn money when she was going through a divorce in the early ‘90s, before she became a Rothschild (https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2019/08/the-mystery-of-ghislaine-maxwell-epstein-enabler). Lynn was responsible for setting up an introduction between Epstein and Bill Clinton in 1995 (https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8362601/Bill-Clinton-confessed-Jeffrey-Epstein-slept-Monica-Lewinsky.html). Alan Dershowitz wrote an essay earlier this month where he opens by saying that he was introduced to Ghislaine Maxwell by Evelyn and Lynn de Rothschild (https://spectator.us/ghislaine-maxwell-know-jeffrey-epstein-alan-dershowitz/). Ghislaine lived in a NYC townhouse that Lynn (allegedly) sold to one of Epstein’s companies for more than $8 million below market value (https://www.businessinsider.com/ghislaine-maxwell-jeffrey-epstein-father-real-estate-assets-foundation-2019-8#until-2016-maxwell-lived-in-a-5-million-new-york-townhouse-bought-by-a-company-with-the-same-address-as-epsteins-business-office-10). While it is widely believed that Ghislaine introduced Epstein to Prince Andrew, there are conflicting accounts that claim that Lynn was the one who introduced the two (https://nypost.com/2020/07/11/ghislaine-maxwell-didnt-introduce-epstein-to-prince-andrew-pal/). The Rothschilds are also extremely close with the Clintons. They even spent part of their honeymoon in the White House during Bill’s presidency back in 2000 (https://www.politico.eu/article/economist-magazine-shareholders-british-commerce-rothschild/). They remain close to this day, as both Evelyn and Lynn have donated and contributed heavily to Hillary’s past campaigns.
Roumugere, Caroline: Carolyn is a jeweller who makes unique pieces inspired by her upbringing in Kenya (http://www.carolynroumeguere.com/about). Her father was a close friend of artist Salvador Dali.
Royle, Hon Lucinda: Wife of Rupert Ponsonby, 7th Baron de Mauley, a British politician. Daughter of Anthony Royle, Baron Fanshawe of Richmond, a Member of Parliament for Richmond, Surrey (1959-1983) and businessman. Royle coincidentally stepped down as MP shortly after the Elm Guest House scandal (https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/elm-guest-house-abuse-scandal-1857494) became known to the public. It turns out that British politicians and other high-ranking members of society were sexually abusing children. All of this happened in Richmond, where Royle served as MP. Of course, nobody has been charged. Oh yeah, the owner of Elm Guest House, Carole Kasir, who supposedly kept a list of Elm Guest House attendees, died under murky circumstances (https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/secret-files-prove-carole-kasir-11506791). Anthony Royle also famously sided with Michael Heseltine over Margaret Thatcher during the 1985 Westland Affair. Heseltine appeared earlier in the black book (check out the G-I thread for more info). Heseltine invested in Conservative Parliament member Harvey Proctor’s business after Proctor was forced to resign after it was revealed he had sexual relationships with and took nude pictures of male prostitutes aged 17-21 at his home (https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/members-interests-top-tories-lose-on-proctors-shop-the-retailer-1445666.html). At the time, it was illegal to have same-sex relations with prostitutes under the age of 21.
Rucellai, Natalie: PR specialist for Rocco Forte Hotels. Used to do PR for Giorgio Armani. The Rucellai family married into the Medici family in 1461. Although the Rucellais are not a Black Nobility family, the Medici family certainly is.
Rudnick, Della: This is actually Della Rounick, the former CEO of the fashion company HE-RO Group. She is now an artist and sculptor.
Russel, Michelle: A senior executive in asset management.
Rust, Marina & Ian: Marina is a former contributing editor at Vogue (again) magazine. She is the granddaughter of Marshall Field III, an investment banker and heir to the Marshall Field department store fortune. Rust often attended the same parties as Ghislaine Maxwell. She is photographed here with Ghislaine, Tom Ford, and Countess Sally Albemarle (https://www.patrickmcmullan.com/photo/0010136), all of whom are in Epstein’s black book. She is also friends with Lauren du Pont of the billionaire family (https://www.newyorksocialdiary.com/traveling-down-memory-lane/). Her husband, Ian Connor is an investment banker at Lazard Freres, a bank that has repeatedly come up during research of Epstein’s contacts. Marina and Ian literally live around the block from Epstein’s NYC mansion.
Rustow, Tim: Uncertain, but my best guess would be the portfolio manager who is the son of Dankwart Rustow, a famous expert in political science and sociology, and brother of historian Marina Rustow.
Rutland Duke and Duchess: David Manners, the 11th Duke of Rutland, is the owner of Belvoir Castle. His wife, Emma Manners (nee Watkins), the Duchess of Rutland, is pictured here in front of the castle (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/emma-manner-duchess-of-rutland-during-the-launch-event-for-news-photo/1206547435?adppopup=true), enjoying her afternoon tea. She runs the commercial activities at Belvoir Castle. Manners has been (allegedly) entangled with Ghislaine Maxwell since the 1980s.
Now for the controversial stuff. The Duke and Duchess hired former MP Harvey Proctor in 2003 to be their private secretary. Proctor is a disgraced MP who was forced to resign in 1987 after it was revealed that he had sexual relationships with and took nude pictures of male prostitutes aged 17-21 at his home (source: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/members-interests-top-tories-lose-on-proctors-shop-the-retailer-1445666.html). At the time, it was illegal to have same-sex relations with prostitutes under the age of 21. There is a wonderful and brief expose here (https://theneedleblog.wordpress.com/2015/01/09/blackmail-the-maxwells-harvey-proctor-and-the-marquis-of-granby/) that builds a strong relationship between Proctor, Manners, and Ghislaine Maxwell, and explains why Manners would hire a disgraced pedophile as his personal secretary, which I will quickly sum up: Robert Maxwell’s newspapers were publishing damaging pieces on Harvey Proctor in 1986, when allegations of his sexual improprieties first started to leak. A threat was made by a caller who said if Maxwell continued running these stories on Proctor, they would reveal that Maxwell’s daughter, Ghislaine, was having an affair with the “son of a Duke.” This would be David Manners, who was not yet Duke of Rutland since his father (the 10th Duke of Rutland) was still alive. Manners dismissed the allegation as “nonsense,” but went on to hire Proctor in 2003, three years after Proctor’s shirtmaking business was liquidated. Some may say that Proctor would have the most to gain by threatening Robert Maxwell back in the ‘80s and that maybe he used that information to find a job with Manners once his shirt business went belly-up. This is all speculation, of course.
Ruttenberg, Eric & Perri: Eric is the co-managing partner at Tinicum, the private investment firm his father founded in 1974. His wife, Perri (nee Peltz), is a former broadcast journalist who worked for NBC, ABC (she worked on the show, 20/20, hosted by pedophile protector and friend of Ghislaine, Barbara Walters), and CNN from 1987-2002. Peltz is a member of the “Tennis Girls” (insert roll eyes emoji), a group that includes Epstein helper Peggy Siegal, Tory Burch, Christina Cuomo (Chris Cuomo’s wife), Ariadne Calvo-Platero, Kitty Sherrill, and Renee Rockefeller (https://pagesix.com/2011/12/23/tough-enough-for-jennet/). Everyone in that group is listed in Epstein’s black book except for Sherrill and Rockefeller. Coincidentally, Perri attended Dalton, the exclusive private high school, in the mid-late ‘70s when Epstein taught there.
Ryder, Mr Nicholas: Uncertain. Some info found but couldn’t confirm either way.
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2020.07.05 15:35 Kujo17 239 Experts With 1 Big Claim: The Coronavirus Is Airborne - The W.H.O. has resisted mounting evidence that viral particles floating indoors are infectious, some scientists say. The agency maintains the research is still inconclusive.

this article is being posted in full via Source link please consider visiting the site for more information and to support the journalist, it's being posted in full because of the soft paywall on the site. I believe all articles with the NYtimes related to coronavirus are still available with a free subscription. However just to make sure I'm posting here
.
written by Apoorva Mandavilli
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. The coronavirus is finding new victims worldwide, in bars and restaurants, offices, markets and casinos, giving rise to frightening clusters of infection that increasingly confirm what many scientists have been saying for months: The virus lingers in the air indoors, infecting those nearby.
If airborne transmission is a significant factor in the pandemic, especially in crowded spaces with poor ventilation, the consequences for containment will be significant. Masks may be needed indoors, even in socially distant settings. Health care workers may need N95 masks that filter out even the smallest respiratory droplets as they care for coronavirus patients.
Ventilation systems in schools, nursing homes, residences and businesses may need to minimize recirculating air and add powerful new filters. Ultraviolet lights may be needed to kill viral particles floating in tiny droplets indoors.
The World Health Organization has long held that the coronavirus is spread primarily by large respiratory droplets that, once expelled by infected people in coughs and sneezes, fall quickly to the floor.
But in an open letter to the W.H.O., 239 scientists in 32 countries have outlined the evidence showing that smaller particles can infect people, and are calling for the agency to revise its recommendations. The researchers plan to publish their letter in a scientific journal next week.
Even in its latest update on the coronavirus, released June 29, the W.H.O. said airborne transmission of the virus is possible only after medical procedures that produce aerosols, or droplets smaller than 5 microns. (A micron is equal to one millionth of a meter.)
Proper ventilation and N95 masks are of concern only in those circumstances, according to the W.H.O. Instead, its infection control guidance, before and during this pandemic, has heavilypromoted the importance of handwashing as a primary prevention strategy, even though there is limited evidence for transmission of the virus from surfaces. (The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention now says surfaces are likely to play only a minor role.)
Dr. Benedetta Allegranzi, the W.H.O.’s technical lead on infection control, said the evidence for the virus spreading by air was unconvincing.
“Especially in the last couple of months, we have been stating several times that we consider airborne transmission as possible but certainly not supported by solid or even clear evidence,” she said. “There is a strong debate on this.”
But interviews with nearly 20 scientists — including a dozen W.H.O. consultants and several members of the committee that crafted the guidance — and internal emails paint a picture of an organization that, despite good intentions, is out of step with science.
Whether carried aloft by large droplets that zoom through the air after a sneeze, or by much smaller exhaled droplets that may glide the length of a room, these experts said, the coronavirus is borne through air and can infect people when inhaled.
Most of these experts sympathized with the W.H.O.’s growing portfolio and shrinking budget, and noted the tricky political relationships it has to manage, especially with the United States and China. They praised W.H.O. staff for holding daily briefings and tirelessly answering questions about the pandemic.
But the infection prevention and control committee in particular, experts said, is bound by a rigid and overly medicalized view of scientific evidence, is slow and risk-averse in updating its guidance and allows a few conservative voices to shout down dissent. “They’ll die defending their view,” said one longstanding W.H.O. consultant, who did not wish to be identified because of her continuing work for the organization. Even its staunchest supporters said the committee should diversify its expertise and relax its criteria for proof, especially in a fast-moving outbreak.
“I do get frustrated about the issues of airflow and sizing of particles, absolutely,” said Mary-Louise McLaws, a committee member and epidemiologist at the University of New South Wales in Sydney.
“If we started revisiting airflow, we would have to be prepared to change a lot of what we do,” she said. “I think it’s a good idea, a very good idea, but it will cause an enormous shudder through the infection control society.”
In early April, a group of 36 experts on air quality and aerosols urged the W.H.O. to consider the growing evidence on airborne transmission of the coronavirus. The agency responded promptly, calling Lidia Morawska, the group’s leader and a longtime W.H.O. consultant, to arrange a meeting.
But the discussion was dominated by a few experts who are staunch supporters of handwashing and felt it must be emphasized over aerosols, according to some participants, and the committee’s advice remained unchanged.
Dr. Morawska and others pointed to several incidents that indicate airborne transmission of the virus, particularly in poorly ventilated and crowded indoor spaces. They said the W.H.O. was making an artificial distinction between tiny aerosols and larger droplets, even though infected people produce both.
“We’ve known since 1946 that coughing and talking generate aerosols,” said Linsey Marr, an expert in airborne transmission of viruses at Virginia Tech.
Scientists have not been able to grow the coronavirus from aerosols in the lab. But that doesn’t mean aerosols are not infective, Dr. Marr said: Most of the samples in those experiments have come from hospital rooms with good air flow that would dilute viral levels. In most buildings, she said, “the air-exchange rate is usually much lower, allowing virus to accumulate in the air and pose a greater risk.”
The W.H.O. also is relying on a dated definition of airborne transmission, Dr. Marr said. The agency believes an airborne pathogen, like the measles virus, has to be highly infectious and to travel long distances.
People generally “think and talk about airborne transmission profoundly stupidly,” said Bill Hanage, an epidemiologist at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
“We have this notion that airborne transmission means droplets hanging in the air capable of infecting you many hours later, drifting down streets, through letter boxes and finding their way into homes everywhere,” Dr. Hanage said.

Precautionary principle

The W.H.O. has found itself at odds with groups of scientists more than once during this pandemic.
The agency lagged behind most of its member nations in endorsing face coverings for the public. While other organizations, including the C.D.C., have long since acknowledged the importance of transmission by people without symptoms, the W.H.O. still maintains that asymptomatic transmission is rare.
“At the country level, a lot of W.H.O. technical staff are scratching their heads,” said a consultant at a regional office in Southeast Asia, who did not wish to be identified because he was worried about losing his contract. “This is not giving us credibility.”
The consultant recalled that the W.H.O. staff members in his country were the only ones to go without masks after the government there endorsed them.
Many experts said the W.H.O. should embrace what some called a “precautionary principle” and others called “needs and values” — the idea that even without definitive evidence, the agency should assume the worst of the virus, apply common sense and recommend the best protection possible.
“There is no incontrovertible proof that SARS-CoV-2 travels or is transmitted significantly by aerosols, but there is absolutely no evidence that it’s not,” said Dr. Trish Greenhalgh, a primary care doctor at the University of Oxford in Britain.
“So at the moment we have to make a decision in the face of uncertainty, and my goodness, it’s going to be a disastrous decision if we get it wrong,” she said. “So why not just mask up for a few weeks, just in case?”
After all, the W.H.O. seems willing to accept without much evidence the idea that the virus may be transmitted from surfaces, she and other researchers noted, even as other health agencies have stepped back emphasizing this route.
“I agree that fomite transmission is not directly demonstrated for this virus,” Dr. Allegranzi, the W.H.O.’s technical lead on infection control, said, referring to objects that may be infectious. “But it is well known that other coronaviruses and respiratory viruses are transmitted, and demonstrated to be transmitted, by contact with fomite.”
The agency also must consider the needs of all its member nations, including those with limited resources, and make sure its recommendations are tempered by “availability, feasibility, compliance, resource implications,” she said.
Aerosols may play some limited role in spreading the virus, said Dr. Paul Hunter, a member of the infection prevention committee and professor of medicine at the University of East Anglia in Britain.
But if the W.H.O. were to push for rigorous control measures in the absence of proof, hospitals in low- and middle-income countries may be forced to divert scarce resources from other crucial programs.
“That’s the balance that an organization like the W.H.O. has to achieve,” he said. “It’s the easiest thing in the world to say, ‘We’ve got to follow the precautionary principle,’ and ignore the opportunity costs of that.”
In interviews, other scientists criticized this view as paternalistic. “‘We’re not going to say what we really think, because we think you can’t deal with it?’ I don’t think that’s right,” said Don Milton, an aerosol expert at the University of Maryland.
Even cloth masks, if worn by everyone, can significantly reduce transmission, and the W.H.O. should say so clearly, he added. Several experts criticized the W.H.O.’s messaging throughout the pandemic, saying the staff seems to prize scientific perspective over clarity.
“What you say is designed to help people understand the nature of a public health problem,” said Dr. William Aldis, a longtime W.H.O. collaborator based in Thailand. “That’s different than just scientifically describing a disease or a virus.”
The W.H.O. tends to describe “an absence of evidence as evidence of absence,” Dr. Aldis added. In April, for example, the W.H.O. said, “There is currently no evidence that people who have recovered from Covid-19 and have antibodies are protected from a second infection.”
The statement was intended to indicate uncertainty, but the phrasing stoked unease among the public and earned rebukes from several experts and journalists. The W.H.O. later walked back its comments.
In a less public instance, the W.H.O. said there was “no evidence to suggest” that people with H.I.V. were at increased risk from the coronavirus. After Joseph Amon, the director of global health at Drexel University in Philadelphia who has sat on many agency committees, pointed out that the phrasing was misleading, the W.H.O. changed it to say the level of risk was “unknown.” But W.H.O. staff and some members said the critics did not give its committees enough credit.
“Those that may have been frustrated may not be cognizant of how W.H.O. expert committees work, and they work slowly and deliberately,” Dr. McLaws said.
Dr. Soumya Swaminathan, the W.H.O.’s chief scientist, said agency staff members were trying to evaluate new scientific evidence as fast as possible, but without sacrificing the quality of their review. She added that the agency will try to broaden the committees’ expertise and communications to make sure everyone is heard.
“We take it seriously when journalists or scientists or anyone challenges us and say we can do better than this,” she said. “We definitely want to do better.”
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2020.07.04 16:28 Gall-Ghaeil Irish-Vikings in the Great Heathen Army

Backgound
Today I would like to start off by covering the background of the Irish-Viking. Dr Patrick F. Wallace defines Irish-Vikings as Vikings that move between Britain and Ireland using Dublin as their main base of operation from 840-892. For example the movements of Olaf the White and Ivar the boneless from Dublin to Britain. This is not to call them Irish from birth or from a nationalinst point of view, but to monitor their development from Norse to Ostmen. As it can be difficult not to mix up the vikings going from Britian to Iceland, Norway and Denamark ect.
Ivar the Bonless is first mentioned in contemporary Irish annals in 857 called Ímar, four years after his brother Amlaíb Conung is recorded as arriving in Ireland. The later Fragmentary Annals of Ireland suggest Ivar may have come to Ireland shortly after his brother.
Also in this year, i.e. the sixth year of the reign of Máel Sechlainn, Amlaíb Conung, son of the king of Lochlann, came to Ireland, and he brought with him a proclamation of many tributes and taxes from his father, and he departed suddenly. Then his younger brother Ivar came after him to levy the same tribute.
Ivar and Amlaíb were joined in Ireland by another brother, Auisle, sometime before 863. From this date onwards the three brothers are described as "kings of the foreigners" by the annals, but in modern texts they are usually labelled as kings of Dublin, after the Viking settlement which was the base of their power.
The North
In late 865 the Great Heathen Army, led by Ivar, invades the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.
The Great Heathen Army encamped in the Isle of Thanet and was promised by the people of Kent danegeld in exchange for peace. Regardless, the Vikings did not abide by this agreement and proceeded to rampage across eastern Kent.
The Vikings used East Anglia as a starting point for an invasion. The East Anglians made peace with the invaders by providing them with horses. The Vikings stayed in East Anglia for the winter before setting out for Northumbria towards the end of 866. The invasion according to the later sagas was organised by the sons of Ragnar Lodbrok, to wreak revenge against Ælla of Northumbria who had executed Ragnar in 865 by throwing him in a snake pit.
According to the saga, Ivar did not overcome Ælla and sought reconciliation. He asked for only as much land as he could cover with an ox's hide and swore never to wage war against Ælla. Then Ivar cut the ox's hide into such fine strands that he could envelop York. Late the next year, the army turned north and invaded Northumbria, eventually capturing Ælla at York in 867. According to legend, Ælla was executed by Ivar and his brothers using the blood eagle, a ritual method of execution of debated historicity whereby the ribcage is opened from behind and the lungs are pulled out, forming a wing-like shape.[
After the death of Ælla, Ivar and his army established themselves at York. In 867, the Northumbrians paid danegeld and the Viking Army established a puppet leader in Northumbria before setting off for the Kingdom of Mercia.
East Anglia
Ivar and his allies captured the town of Nottingham, where they spent the winter. King Burgred of Mercia requested help from the king of Wessex to help fight the Vikings. A combined army from Wessex and Mercia besieged the city of Nottingham with no clear result, so the Mercians settled on paying the Vikings off to withdraw to York. The Vikings returned to Northumbria in autumn 868 and overwintered in York, staying there for most of 869. They returned to East Anglia and spent the winter of 869–70 at Thetford. Ivar and Ubba are identified as the commanders of the Danes in the Saxon chronicles when they returned to East Anglia in 869 While in Thetford, they were attacked by Edmund, king of East Anglia, with whom they had no peace agreement. The Viking army was victorious in these battles, and Edmund was captured, possibly tortured, and killed. He would later come to be known as Edmund the Martyr for refusing their demand that he renounce Christ. How true the accounts are of Edmund's death is unknown, but it has been suggested that his capture and execution is not an unlikely thing to have happened. Edmund the Martyr was killed when he was tied to a tree and had arrors shot at him by Ivar’s men. Ivar and Ubba wanted to see if the story of Saint Sebastian was true. Ivar disappears from the Saxon historical record sometime after 870 but reappers in the Ulster Annals (Ireland’s history books.)
Return to the Irish Sea
In 870 the Irish annals record that Dumbarton Rock in Scotland, the chief fortress of the kingdom of Strathclyde, was successfully captured by Ivar the Bonless and Olaf the White following a four month long siege. The pair returned to Dublin in 871 with 200 ships and they "brought with them in captivity a great prey of Angles, Britons and Picts".According to the Fragmentary Annals Olaf the White returned to Lochlann that year to aid their father in a war, leaving Ivar to rule alone. The Pictish Chronicle claims Olaf died around 874 during a protracted campaign against Constantine I in Scotland. The Fragmentary Annals record the death of Ivar's father, Gofraid, in 873. The final mention of Ivar in contemporary annals is also in 873 when his death is reported. In these reports he is titled "king of the Norsemen of all Ireland and Britain". According to Ó Corrain the evidence suggests that by his death Ímar's kingdom (including the territory formerly ruled by his father) included Man, the Western Isles, Argyll, Caithness, Sutherland, Orkney, and parts of the coastline of Ross and Cromarty and Inverness.
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Aftermath
In the Aftermath of the death of Ivar the Boneless and Olaf the White, Ivar’s son Bárid mac Ímair would be their to pick up the pieces. Many Vikings rulers would claim to be King of Dublin but only one man held on to the city, that was Bárid.
In 877 after the war with the Vikings and the Saxons was over Bárid’s uncle Halfdan Ragnarsson looked to take Dublin from Bárid. Halfdan Ragnarsson had killed Bárid’s close cousin Oistin mac Amlaíb two years earlier. In the annals Halfdan Ragnarsson is seen as a foreigner and Bárid mac Ímair is written as having old family roots to Dublin.
This should not be seen as a shock As Bárid mac Ímair had married an Irish woman, had given his children Irish names and fostered them in to Irish homes. Bárid had also fostrered Irish children. The most famous was the sons of Áed Findliath, overking of the Northern Uí Néill. Bárid mac Ímair was seen by the people of Ireland as having been the righful king of Dublin, not this foreigner Halfdan Ragnarsson. In 877 the two sides of Bárid mac Ímair and Halfdan Ragnarsson met for the Battle of Strangford Lough. In the middle of a skirmish during the battle, Halfdan fell and Bárid was wounded.
Those of Halfdan's men who survived the battle returned to Northumbria via Scotland, fighting a battle along the way in which Constantine I, King of the Picts, was killed. The Vikings of Northumbria remained kingless until 883, when Guthfrith was made king there. From this point on Bárid mac Ímair was seen as the rightful king of Dublin and the Hiberno-Scandinavians, and it would not be long until the Irish-Vikings returned to England to take their father Ivar’s lands back. From this point onward the Ostmen (Irish-Vikings) are speaking Irish from their mother, thery’re fostered into Irish homes and they marry Irish women. At the Same time they are still linked to the wider Norse world from their father.
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2020.07.04 15:31 Gall-Ghaeil Irish-Vikings in the Great Heathen Army

Backgound
Today I would like to start off by covering the background of the Irish-Viking. Dr Patrick F. Wallace defines Irish-Vikings as Vikings that move between Britain and Ireland using Dublin as their main base of operation from 840-892. For example the movements of Olaf the White and Ivar the boneless from Dublin to Britain. This is not to call them Irish from birth or from a nationalinst point of view, but to monitor their development from Norse to Ostmen. As it can be difficult not to mix up the vikings going from Britian to Iceland, Norway and Denamark ect.
Ivar the Bonless is first mentioned in contemporary Irish annals in 857 called Ímar, four years after his brother Amlaíb Conung is recorded as arriving in Ireland. The later Fragmentary Annals of Ireland suggest Ivar may have come to Ireland shortly after his brother.
Also in this year, i.e. the sixth year of the reign of Máel Sechlainn, Amlaíb Conung, son of the king of Lochlann, came to Ireland, and he brought with him a proclamation of many tributes and taxes from his father, and he departed suddenly. Then his younger brother Ivar came after him to levy the same tribute.
Ivar and Amlaíb were joined in Ireland by another brother, Auisle, sometime before 863. From this date onwards the three brothers are described as "kings of the foreigners" by the annals, but in modern texts they are usually labelled as kings of Dublin, after the Viking settlement which was the base of their power.
The North
In late 865 the Great Heathen Army, led by Ivar, invades the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.
The Great Heathen Army encamped in the Isle of Thanet and was promised by the people of Kent danegeld in exchange for peace. Regardless, the Vikings did not abide by this agreement and proceeded to rampage across eastern Kent.
The Vikings used East Anglia as a starting point for an invasion. The East Anglians made peace with the invaders by providing them with horses. The Vikings stayed in East Anglia for the winter before setting out for Northumbria towards the end of 866. The invasion according to the later sagas was organised by the sons of Ragnar Lodbrok, to wreak revenge against Ælla of Northumbria who had executed Ragnar in 865 by throwing him in a snake pit.
According to the saga, Ivar did not overcome Ælla and sought reconciliation. He asked for only as much land as he could cover with an ox's hide and swore never to wage war against Ælla. Then Ivar cut the ox's hide into such fine strands that he could envelop York. Late the next year, the army turned north and invaded Northumbria, eventually capturing Ælla at York in 867. According to legend, Ælla was executed by Ivar and his brothers using the blood eagle, a ritual method of execution of debated historicity whereby the ribcage is opened from behind and the lungs are pulled out, forming a wing-like shape.[
After the death of Ælla, Ivar and his army established themselves at York. In 867, the Northumbrians paid danegeld and the Viking Army established a puppet leader in Northumbria before setting off for the Kingdom of Mercia.
East Anglia
Ivar and his allies captured the town of Nottingham, where they spent the winter. King Burgred of Mercia requested help from the king of Wessex to help fight the Vikings. A combined army from Wessex and Mercia besieged the city of Nottingham with no clear result, so the Mercians settled on paying the Vikings off to withdraw to York. The Vikings returned to Northumbria in autumn 868 and overwintered in York, staying there for most of 869. They returned to East Anglia and spent the winter of 869–70 at Thetford. Ivar and Ubba are identified as the commanders of the Danes in the Saxon chronicles when they returned to East Anglia in 869 While in Thetford, they were attacked by Edmund, king of East Anglia, with whom they had no peace agreement. The Viking army was victorious in these battles, and Edmund was captured, possibly tortured, and killed. He would later come to be known as Edmund the Martyr for refusing their demand that he renounce Christ. How true the accounts are of Edmund's death is unknown, but it has been suggested that his capture and execution is not an unlikely thing to have happened. Edmund the Martyr was killed when he was tied to a tree and had arrors shot at him by Ivar’s men. Ivar and Ubba wanted to see if the story of Saint Sebastian was true. Ivar disappears from the Saxon historical record sometime after 870 but reappers in the Ulster Annals (Ireland’s history books.)
Return to the Irish Sea
In 870 the Irish annals record that Dumbarton Rock in Scotland, the chief fortress of the kingdom of Strathclyde, was successfully captured by Ivar the Bonless and Olaf the White following a four month long siege. The pair returned to Dublin in 871 with 200 ships and they "brought with them in captivity a great prey of Angles, Britons and Picts".According to the Fragmentary Annals Olaf the White returned to Lochlann that year to aid their father in a war, leaving Ivar to rule alone. The Pictish Chronicle claims Olaf died around 874 during a protracted campaign against Constantine I in Scotland. The Fragmentary Annals record the death of Ivar's father, Gofraid, in 873. The final mention of Ivar in contemporary annals is also in 873 when his death is reported. In these reports he is titled "king of the Norsemen of all Ireland and Britain". According to Ó Corrain the evidence suggests that by his death Ímar's kingdom (including the territory formerly ruled by his father) included Man, the Western Isles, Argyll, Caithness, Sutherland, Orkney, and parts of the coastline of Ross and Cromarty and Inverness.
.
Aftermath
In the Aftermath of the death of Ivar the Boneless and Olaf the White, Ivar’s son Bárid mac Ímair would be their to pick up the pieces. Many Vikings rulers would claim to be King of Dublin but only one man held on to the city, that was Bárid.
In 877 after the war with the Vikings and the Saxons was over Bárid’s uncle Halfdan Ragnarsson looked to take Dublin from Bárid. Halfdan Ragnarsson had killed Bárid’s close cousin Oistin mac Amlaíb two years earlier. In the annals Halfdan Ragnarsson is seen as a foreigner and Bárid mac Ímair is written as having old family roots to Dublin.
This should not be seen as a shock As Bárid mac Ímair had married an Irish woman, had given his children Irish names and fostered them in to Irish homes. Bárid had also fostrered Irish children. The most famous was the sons of Áed Findliath, overking of the Northern Uí Néill. Bárid mac Ímair was seen by the people of Ireland as having been the righful king of Dublin, not this foreigner Halfdan Ragnarsson. In 877 the two sides of Bárid mac Ímair and Halfdan Ragnarsson met for the Battle of Strangford Lough. In the middle of a skirmish during the battle, Halfdan fell and Bárid was wounded.
Those of Halfdan's men who survived the battle returned to Northumbria via Scotland, fighting a battle along the way in which Constantine I, King of the Picts, was killed. The Vikings of Northumbria remained kingless until 883, when Guthfrith was made king there. From this point on Bárid mac Ímair was seen as the rightful king of Dublin and the Hiberno-Scandinavians, and it would not be long until the Irish-Vikings returned to England to take their father Ivar’s lands back. From this point onward the Ostmen (Irish-Vikings) are speaking Irish from their mother, thery’re fostered into Irish homes and they marry Irish women. At the Same time they are still linked to the wider Norse world from their father.
submitted by Gall-Ghaeil to IrishHistory [link] [comments]


2020.06.10 13:09 JokerUnique State of the Game - June 10th, 2020

State of the Game

The Division 2 is about to receive a major update, and the State of the Game livestream is back to take a closer look at what players can expect when Title Update 10 rolls out next week. With Associate Creative Director Yannick Banchereau and Community Developer Johan Lindholm joining regular host and Content Lead Hamish Bode, this week’s stream covers feedback from the Public Test Servers, Raid 2 news, and more.
 

Priority Alerts

Maintenance - June 9th, 2020

No player-facing changes.
 

Summary

Division 1 Global Events

This is still something they are currently working on since it requires a new patch that needs to be built and deployed. They should have news about that very soon.
 

PTS is Closed

  • The PTS was shut down with this morning’s maintenance.
  • They want to thank everybody that played the PTS, gave feedback towards the changes and the patch notes. All that will help to make TU10 as good as it can be.
  • It was also found, that the Banshee Skill Cooldown was increased in PTS 3 and that was not in the patch notes. This was unintentional and it was supposed to be in the patch notes. Keep in mind that PTS are basically builds that come directly from development, so changes can come in on very short notice and they want to make sure that all the changes are included in future PTS.
  • PTS 3 Feedback will also be included in the final TU10 changes.
 

Title Update 10

The Division 2’s Title Update 10, coming on June 16, is a massive free update that will impact all Agents. It will increase player power with improvements to gear and brand sets, as well as increased damage for almost all weapons, including exotics. The update will also boost loot generosity, so players will receive better loot overall and find that vendors have better stock on-hand. Additionally, TU10 will implement some major balancing tweaks and numerous bug fixes.
=> Overview
 

TU10 Roadmap:

Patch Notes
Monday, June 15th, 2020
Release
Tuesday, June 16th, 2020
Season 2
Tuesday June 23, 2020
Raid 2
The second Raid, Operation Iron Horse, will be available very soon.
 

TU10 Content

  • Season 2
  • Raid 2 – Operation Iron Horse
  • General Health Pass:
    • A lot of bug fixes
    • Difficulty
    • Player Power
    • Improved rewards across the board, including improvements to targeted loot and to Heroic and Legendary difficulties.
 

Season 1

  • Season 1 will finish on June 15th.
  • When you can’t finish the Manhunt of Season 1, the final Jupiter encounter will become available as a reward of the Season 2 Reward Track. This way you can also unlock the EMP-Sticky.
 

Season 2, Keener’s Legacy

  • The Season 2 will start on June 23, 2020
  • The new Prime Target was one of Aaron Keener’s most loyal followers, and has returned to New York to finish what Keener started.
  • A new Global Event that will join the ones that were introduced in Season 1.
  • New Exotics (Vile / Mantis), New Gear Set (Eclipse Protocol), New Brand Set (Walker, Harris & Co.), new Leagues, 1 New Skill Variant (Healing Trap)
  • Better tracking for group vs solo goals during the Global Events
One week later, on June 23, a new three-month season of endgame challenges and rewards is coming to The Division 2. Titled Keener’s Legacy, Season 2 will be free for players who own the Warlords of New York expansion, and will introduce a new rogue cell intent on completing Aaron Keener’s sinister plans, which players must track down and eliminate. Keener’s Legacy will also bring new Leagues – PvE challenges with tiered rewards – and Global Events, which present new gameplay tweaks with time-limited modifiers. Players can improve their season level over the course of the Season, and will have the chance to loot unique rewards, including two new exotics, a new skill variant, and a new gearset. Purchasing the Season 2 Pass will unlock additional rewards for players to earn. Note that if you haven’t finished the Manhunt from Season 1, Shadow Tide, you have until June 15 to take out Jupiter and her cell and earn the EMP Sticky Launcher Skill variant.
 

Raid 2 – Operation Iron Horse

=> Images
  • Date: Coming Soon
  • 2 New Exotics (Ravenous & Regulus)
  • 2 Gear Sets (Foundry Bulwark / Future Initiative )
  • No Matchmaking for the Raid
  • Discovery difficulty mode is coming later.
  • There will be a version for Level 30 players as well as Level 40.
  • Operation Iron Horse will be free for all players.
There will be another Worlds First Celebration – more details about that will follow.
 

Season 2 - Free and Paid Content

  • Season 2 + Regular Reward Track (WONY Owners / level 40)
  • Season 2 Premium Reward Track (more rewards) => Season Pass for 1000 Premium Credits
So when you own Warlords of New York and you have finished the campaign (level 40), you get access to Season 2 and all activities plus the normal Reward Track. When you want more rewards, you can buy the Season Pass and get access to the Premium Reward Track for 1000 Premium Credits.
 

TU10 - Free and Paid Content

All content coming with Title Update 10 will be available for all Warlords of New York owners. For The Division 2 players, all relevant gameplay balance, loot and bug fix improvements will also be available, as well as the Level 30 version of the new Operation Iron Horse raid.
 

No More Stash Space Increase

They said on the State of the Game a couple of weeks ago that the last Stash Space increase was made as a one-time thing. After a further investigation it was confirmed that they have pushed it as far as they could and there will be no further Stash Space increases.
 

Title Update 10 – Season 2 localized audio missing

We wanted to inform you about an issue with localized audio that will be present when we launch Title Update 10 and Season 2. While the team was able to work from home to get this update ready, with your help testing the content on the PTS, we, unfortunately, were not able to record all localized audio content for TU10. With everything going on in the world, our top priority is the well-being of our teams, including our voice actors. Of course, we will start working on recording the missing audio with our partners when it is safe to do so and, in some cases, we were able to get things started already. Adding the localized files to the game as soon as we can in one of our next updates is an absolute priority for the team. This only affects Seasonal content. Operation Iron Horse audio is fully localized.
If you are currently playing with a non-English client, you don’t have to change anything going into Title Update 10. When localized audio is missing you will just hear the English audio instead. Subtitles have been localized and can be activated in the ingame options.
As work continues, we will update you on the progress of the integration here on the forums and on State of the Game.
=> Source
 

Game of Life

Tallulah Self, 21, is on a mission to give her grandfather back his wings. Garry Bowhill-Mann, 74, is an RAF veteran and full-time carer for his wife. He lives in a bungalow in Norfolk, England, and over time has become increasingly isolated.
While Garry’s life is getting lonelier and harder, he is escaping into another unexpected life. Late at night, he finds his own personal solace in a room that only he uses. There he transforms into a ruthless assassin, a seasoned soldier, a fearless flying ace. All through the liberation of video games.
For the past year Garry’s passion has afforded him the rare opportunity to meet new people …and he’s found a regular peer to play with. He’s been meeting up online with Mike Nolan, 71, who lives on the other side of the world. Mike is also a services veteran and happens also to live in a village. Although his one happens to be in sunny California, not grey East Anglia. Garry and Mike have never met face-to-face. Until now.
Tallulah just wants to bring her granddad back to the person she used to know: a vivacious bloke who was the star of the local panto. So she’s come up with a plan to take him to California to meet his gaming mate, Mike, in an effort to lift Garry’s spirits
=> Video
 

Throwing SHD

When society gets quarantined, we rise – A worldwide team project presented by The Division cosplay community.
=> Video
 

Roadmap

 

Community Resources

The community has provided many guides, tools, and lists: Link
 

Important links

submitted by JokerUnique to thedivision [link] [comments]


2020.05.28 01:51 Impressive_Artichoke UPDATED: AC Valhalla Info and Rumor so Far

(?) Is not confirmed/Lack of evidence
Assassins Creed Valhalla
Release Date: October 15 2020?
Engine: AnvilNext 2.0

Timeline:
- Set in the 800 AD
- During the Viking Invasion in Britannia

Character:
- There is a Character Choice of Male and Female
- Both Characters are called Eivor
- You can Customize Hair, Tattoo, War Paint, and Beard (For Male)

Weapons:
- Hidden Blade is back
- Hidden Blade is One Hit (via skill)
- Hidden Blade Customization like Unity and Syndicate
- Hidden Blade Can be Unequipped
- There will be Weapon Types:
Swords, Axes, Maces/Hammers, Flails, Spears, Greataxes, Greatmaces
- Shield is Back
- Bow and Arrow is Back and all can be upgraded
- Bow can be Equip on either hands (left handed or right handed)
- Dual Wielding of weapon any combination is allowed (even Dual Wield Shields)
- Weapons are all Unique and all can be upgraded
- Engraving is Back (Runing)
- Tools are back (Rope Darts, Sleep Darts, Berserk Darts, Smoke Bomb, Throwing Axe)
- Tool Wheel is back
- Weapon Synergy (Weapons Perks can stack and have unique effect when paired)
- Weapon Durability

Armors:
- Individual Armors are back
- Armors are all Unique and all can be upgraded
- Expanded Armor Selections
- Engraving is Back (Runing)
- Armors are different in each Characters
- Gauntlets are different piece in each hands
- Nude/Armor is possible

Combat System:
- HitBox Type?
- Puppeteer System?
- Hit Point Vulnerability (Vulnerability in the Body)
- Blocking is Back
- Parrying is Back
- Arrow Blocking and Arrow Retrieval is Back
- Throwing Weapons is allowed and is a tool
- Picking up Weapons is allowed?
- Odin Blessing is introduced (like a covenant)
*Odin Blessing imbueds your Weapon with Frost, Burn, and Lightning Damage?
- Horn Can Rally Viking Troops or Call Ships

Skill Tree:
- Leveling system is changed to Power Levels
- Skill Tree is Back but Called Skill Graph
- Skill will have much variety and build archetype

Stealth System (Armor has a key role in Stealth):
- Notoriety is Back
- Crouch is not removed
- Social Stealths in Crowds and Benches
- Enviromental Stealth in Bushes, Haystacks, and Leaves and Mud can be use as cover to blend
- Pike With Flags can help in Social Stealth
- Instant Kill Assassination is a Skill
- Fake Dead Drop/Feign Death is now possible

Settlement Gameplay:
- Settlement is essential (Like Prosperity in FC New Dawn)
- Settlement can be Upgraded and Customize
- Settlement are/can be affected by Choices
- Settlement can affect decision choices

Naval Traversal:
- Ships are back but for traversals
- Ships can be upgraded and customize
- Ships are used for Conquest and Raiding (Drop in and Drop Out)
- Ships can be summoned and called upon

Assault, Raiding, and Diplomacy
- Recruiting is Back
- Viking Raiders can be customize INDIVIDUALLY
- Assaulting a Fort can be done
(Assault is naturally happening, Some forces Defend and Attack each other without your intervention)
- Raiding is allowed for resources pillaging
- Diplomacy is also available
- Rope Dart/ Grappling Hook can be use to scale Fort walls
- 8 Vikings per Raid
- Assaults, Raiding and Diplomacy creates missions

World and Environment
-There main locations are; Norway, Lofoten?, Roskilde?, Wessex, Northumbria, East Anglia, Mercia, Essex?, Sussex?, Kent?
- There are 3 Major Cities; London, Winchester, and Jorvik (York)
- Hidden Ones Bureau is Back
- Siege of Paris is the Opening?
- Aurora is an Environmental Phenomenon
- Dynamic Season System
- Dynamic Environment Destruction

Other Features:
- Unique Enemies are abudant (Like Mercenaries in Odyssey)
- Nemesis System is back with 25 Unique Enemy Variants with Combos, Skills, and Teammates
- Eagle Vision is back but is a Raven (Can Be Customized and has a Skill Tree)
- Mounts are back but with Wolf (Can Be Customized)
- Wolf Pack is a introduced
- Romance Choices are back
- Marriage and Family is introduced
- Slavery is introduced?
- Parkour is like Origins and Odyssey with Tree Parkour like AC3 and AC4
- Decision Making is Back
- Progress Tracker is Back (Memory Sequences)?
- Side Quests are back
- Mini Games and Activities are back
(Hunting, Fishing, Dice and Drinking Games and Norse Traditions such as Flyting)
- Animal Taming
- Raider Dispatch is introduced (You can send customized Raiders to help other players online)
- AltaïFirst Assassins Creed Connection
- Quest Arc is implemented (Quest are divided in Arcs depending on the gameplay progression)
- God Fights (Like Trial of the Gods)
- Dynamic NPC Behaviors
- Raven/Eagle scouting is traditional
- Original Eagle Vision is back but it is called "Odin Sight"
- Puzzles, Lairs, and Secret Tombs are back
- Religion System?
- Paying Respect on a Fallen Viking Raider
- Arabs are on 9th Century

Credit: StubbornPotato Gaming on YouTube
submitted by Impressive_Artichoke to assassinscreed [link] [comments]


2020.05.27 14:37 Killer_Tomcat The First Three Chunks

The First Three Chunks
I'm sensing a little confusion over Hejelnik's historical chunks and what levels of development occur in each of them. This post is supposed to clear up that confusion by providing a comprehensive idea of what each of these first 'prehistoric' chunks of history will look like: the Stone Age, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. I'm going to use Great Britain's prehistory as an example of the kind of technological and cultural advancements that would ideally fit into each chunk although this post functions as just a guide and I understand it won't be useful or applicable for everybody's creations.
The Stone Age
Here is some background on Britain's Stone Age from the Wikipedia page on Prehistoric Britain:
Palaeolithic (Early Stone Age)
The first distinct culture in Britain is what archaeologists call the Creswellian industry with leaf-shaped points probably used as arrowheads. It produced refined flint tools but also made use of bone, antler, shell, amber, animal teeth, and mammoth ivory. These were fashioned into tools but also jewellery and rods of uncertain purpose. Flint seems to have been brought into areas with limited local resources; the stone tools found in the caves of Devon (such as Kent's Cavern) seem to have been sourced from Salisbury Plain, 161 km east. This is interpreted as meaning that the early inhabitants of Britain were highly mobile, roaming over wide distances and carrying 'toolkits' of flint blades with them rather than heavy and unworked flint nodules, or else improvising tools extemporaneously. The possibility that groups also travelled to meet and exchange goods or sent out dedicated expeditions to source flint has also been suggested.
The dominant food species were horses and red deer although other mammals ranging from hares to mammoth were also hunted including rhino and hyena. From the limited evidence available, burial seemed to involve skinning and dismembering a corpse with the bones placed in caves. This suggests a practice of excarnation, secondary burial and possibly some form of ritual cannibalism. Artistic expression seems to have been mostly limited to engraved bone, although the cave art at Creswell Crags and Mendip caves are notable exceptions.
Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age)
The warmer climate changed the arctic environment to one of pine, birch and alder forest; this less open landscape was less conducive to the large herds of reindeer and wild horse that had previously sustained humans. Those animals were replaced in people's diets by pig, elk, red deer, roe deer, wild boar and aurochs which would have required different hunting techniques. Tools changed to incorporate barbs which could snag the flesh of an animal, making it harder for it to escape alive. Tiny microliths were developed for hafting onto harpoons and spears. Woodworking tools such as adzes appear in the archaeological record although some flint blade types remained similar to their Palaeolithic predecessors. The dog was domesticated because of its benefits during hunting and the wetland environments created by the warmer weather would have been a rich source of fish and game. Wheat of a variety grown in the Middle East was present on the Isle of Wight at the Bouldnor Cliff Mesolithic Village dating from about 6,000 BC.
It is likely that these environmental changes were accompanied by social changes. Humans spread and reached the far north of Scotland during this period. Sites from the British Mesolithic include the Mendips, Star Carr in Yorkshire and Oronsay in the Inner Hebrides. Excavations at Howick in Northumberland uncovered evidence of a large circular building dating to 7,600 BC which is interpreted as a dwelling. A further example has also been identified at Deepcar in Sheffield and a building dating to 8,500 BC was discovered at the Star Carr site. The older view of Mesolithic Britons as nomadic is now being replaced with a more complex picture of seasonal occupation or permanent occupation in some cases. Travel distances seem to have become shorter, typically with movement between high and low ground.
Though the Mesolithic environment was bounteous, the rising population and the ancient Britons' success in exploiting it eventually led to local exhaustion of many natural resources. Farming of crops and domestic animals was adopted in Britain around 4,500 BC because of the need for reliable food sources. The climate had been warming since the later Mesolithic and continued to improve, replacing the earlier pine forests with woodland.
Neolithic (Late Stone Age)
The Neolithic was the period of domestication of plants and animals but the arrival of a Neolithic package of farming and a sedentary lifestyle is increasingly giving way to a more complex view of the changes and continuities in practices that can be observed from the Mesolithic period onwards. For example, the development of Neolithic monumental architecture (apparently venerating the dead) may represent more comprehensive social and ideological changes involving new interpretations of time, ancestry, community and identity.
In any case, the Neolithic Revolution introduced a more settled way of life and ultimately led to societies becoming divided into differing groups of farmers, artisans and leaders. Forest clearances were undertaken to provide room for cereal cultivation and animal herds. Pollen analysis shows that woodland was decreasing with a major decline of elms and grassland was increasing. Native cattle and pigs were reared whilst sheep and goats were later introduced from the continent as were the wheats and barleys grown in Britain. However only a few actual settlement sites are known in Britain. Cave occupation was common at this time.
The construction of the earliest earthwork sites in Britain began during the early Neolithic (4,400 BC – 3,300 BC) in the form of long barrows used for communal burial. The former may be derived from the long house, although no long house villages have been found in Britain – only individual examples. However, the stone-built houses on Orkney are indicators of small settlements in Britain. Evidence of growing mastery over the environment is embodied in the Sweet Track – a wooden trackway built to cross the marshes of the Somerset Levels and dated to 3,807 BC. Leaf-shaped arrowheads, round-based pottery types and the beginnings of polished axe production are common indicators of the period. Evidence of the use of cow's milk comes from analysis of pottery contents found beside the Sweet Track.
The Neolithic saw the development of cursus monuments close to earlier barrows and the growth and abandonment of causewayed enclosures as well as the building of impressive chamber tombs such as the Maeshowe types. The earliest stone circles and individual burials also appear. Different pottery types such as grooved ware appear during the later Neolithic (2,900 BC – 2,200 BC.) In addition, new enclosures called henges were built along with stone rows and the famous sites of Stonehenge, Avebury and Silbury Hill. Industrial flint mining began such as that at Cissbury and Grimes Graves along with evidence of long-distance trade. Wooden tools and bowls were common with bows also being constructed.
As you can see, the Stone Age isn't a homogenous block of history and there was clearly some notable development throughout the period but it never advanced beyond a very basic level of civilisation. It is ideal for worldbuilders who want to anchor their builds in parts of world history where there is little to no rules or competing societies to interact with. This gives them the opportunity to carve out their own primitive cultures in vast open stretches of time and space that will likely be unclaimed. While the history of magic is unknown (for now) it is unlikely to play any role in this primitive period where people would not have learnt how to manipulate the Weave yet.
Stone Age Chunk. 1
The Bronze Age
The next period of Hejelnik history is the Bronze Age. This is an excerpt from a Wikipedia page on Bronze Age Britain:
Movement of Europeans brought new people to the islands from the continent. The new "Beaker Culture" displayed different behaviours from the earlier Neolithic people and cultural change was significant. Integration is thought to have been peaceful, as many of the early henge sites were seemingly adopted by the newcomers.
The Beaker culture brought the skill of refining metal to Great Britain. At first, they made items from copper but from around 2,150 BC smiths had discovered how to make bronze (which is much harder than copper) by mixing copper with a small amount of tin. Over the next thousand years bronze gradually replaced stone as the main material for tool and weapon making. The bronze axe heads (made by casting) were at first similar to their stone predecessors but then developed a socket for the wooden handle to fit into and a small loop or ring to make lashing the two together easier.
Bronze swords of a graceful "leaf" shape, swelling gently from the handle before coming to a tip, have been found in considerable numbers along with spear heads and arrow points. The greatest quantities of bronze objects were discovered in Cambridgeshire with the most important finds in Isleham (more than 6,500 pieces.) Groups of unused axes are often found together, suggesting ritual deposits to some though many archaeologists believe that elite groups collected bronze items to restrict their use among the wider population - social groups appear to have been tribal but growing complexity and hierarchies were apparent.
Great Britain had large reserves of tin in the areas of Cornwall and Devon and thus tin mining began. Cornwall was a major source of tin for much of western Europe and copper was extracted from sites such as the Great Orme mine in Northern Wales. By around 1,600 BC, the southwest of the island was experiencing a trade boom as British tin was exported across Europe.
Bronze-age Britons were also skilled at making jewellery from gold as well as occasional objects like the Rillaton Cup and Mold Cape. Many examples of these have been found in graves of the wealthy Wessex culture of Southern Britain.
The earliest known metalworking building was found at Sigwells, Somerset. Several casting mould fragments were fitted to a Wilburton type sword held in Somerset County Museum. They were found in association with cereal grain dated to the 12th century BC.
The burial of dead (which until this period had usually been communal) became more individual. The 'Early Bronze Age' saw people buried in individual barrows or sometimes in cists covered with cairns. They were often buried with a beaker alongside the body. Cremation was later adopted as a burial practice with cemeteries of urns containing cremated individuals appearing in the archaeological record.
The rich Wessex culture developed in southern Great Britain at this time. The weather, previously warm and dry, became much wetter as the Bronze Age continued, forcing the population away from easily defended sites in the hills and into the fertile valleys. Large livestock farms developed in the lowlands which appear to have contributed to economic growth and inspired increasing forest clearances.
The Celtic languages developed during this Late Bronze Age period in an intensely trading-networked culture called the Atlantic Bronze Age that included Britain, Ireland, France, Spain and Portugal.
This is a slightly more developed period of history although it is still notably lacking in many aspects of civilisation like larger kingdoms, organised religion and complex writing systems. It is ideal for worldbuilders who want to anchor their builds in parts of world history that are slightly more structured and developed than the Stone Age Chunk but still have that same rugged unexplored feel to them. Again, we don't know the history of magic yet so magic-heavy cultures and histories might not be well suited to this period of history.
Bronze Age Chunk. 2
The Iron Age
The Iron Age is the third and final prehistoric age of Hejelnik's history and the one we're focussing on this week. This is an excerpt from a Wikipedia page on Iron Age Britain:
Early in the Iron Age, the widespread Wessex pottery of Southern Britain such as the type style from All Cannings Cross may suggest a consolidated socio-economic group in the region. However, by 600 BC this appears to have broken down into differing sub-groups with their own pottery styles. Between 400-100 BC there is evidence of emerging regional identities and a significant population increase.
The Romans described a variety of deities worshipped by the people of North-western Europe. Barry Cunliffe perceives a theistic gender division with gods relating to masculinity, the sky and individual tribes alongside goddesses relating to associations with fertility, the earth and a universality that transcended tribal differences. Wells and springs had female divine links exemplified by the goddess Sulis worshipped at Bath.
Religious practices revolved around offerings and sacrifices, sometimes human but more often involving the ritual slaughter of animals or the deposition of metalwork, especially war booty. Weapons and horse trappings have been found in the bog at Llyn Cerrig Bach on Anglesey and are interpreted as votive offerings cast into a lake. Numerous weapons have also been recovered from rivers - especially the Thames. Some buried hordes of jewellery are interpreted as gifts to the earth gods. Disused grain storage pits and the ends of ditches have also produced what appear to be deliberately placed deposits, including a preference for burials of horses, dogs and ravens. The bodies were often mutilated and some human finds at the bottom of pits, such as those found at Danebury, may have had a ritual aspect.
Caesar's texts tell us that the priests of Britain were Druids, a religious elite with considerable holy and secular powers. No archaeological evidence survives of Druidry, although a number of burials made with ritual trappings and found in Kent may suggest a religious character to the subjects. Overall, the traditional view is that religion was practised in natural settings in the open air. Gildas mentions "those diabolical idols of my country, which almost surpassed in number those of Egypt and of which we still see some mouldering away within or without the deserted temples, with stiff and deformed features as was customary". There is evidence of an open-air shrine at Hallaton, Leicestershire. Here, a collection of objects known as the Hallaton Treasure was buried in a ditch in the early 1st century AD. The only structural evidence was a wooden palisade built in the ditch. Despite this, sites such as at Hayling Island, Hampshire and near Heathrow airport are interpreted as purpose-built indoor shrines. The Hayling Island example was a circular wooden building set within a rectangular precinct. The Heathrow temple was a small cellar surrounded by a ring of postholes thought to have formed an ambulatory. A rectangular structure at Danebury and a sequence of six-poster structures overlooking calf burials and culminating in a trench-founded rectangular structure at Cadbury Castle, Somerset, have been similarly interpreted.
Death in Iron Age Great Britain seems to have produced different behaviours in different regions. Cremation was a common method of disposing of the dead, although the chariot burials and other inhumations of the Arras culture of East Yorkshire, and the cist burials of Cornwall, demonstrate that it was not ubiquitous. In Dorset, the Durotriges seem to have had small inhumation cemeteries, sometimes with high-status grave goods. The general dearth of excavated Iron Age burials makes drawing conclusions difficult. Excarnation has been suggested as a reason for the lack of burial evidence with the remains of the dead being dispersed either naturally or through human agency.
The expansion of the economy throughout the period but especially in the later Iron Age is in large part a reflection of key changes in the expression of social and economic status.
With regard to animal husbandry, cattle represented a significant investment in pre-Roman Britain as they could be used as a source of portable wealth, as well as providing useful domestic by-products such as milk, cheese and leather. In the later Iron Age, an apparent shift is visible revealing a change in dominance from cattle rearing to that of sheep. Economically, sheep are significantly less labour-intensive, requiring fewer people per animal.
Whilst cattle and sheep dominate the archaeological record, evidence for pig, ox, dog and, rarely, chicken is widely represented. There is generally an absence from environmental remains of hunted game and wild species as well as fresh and sea water species, even in coastal communities.
A key commodity of the Iron Age was salt, used for preservation and the supplementation of the diet. Whilst difficult to find archaeologically, some evidence does exist. Salterns, in which sea water was boiled to produce salt, are prevalent in the East Anglia fenlands. Additionally, Morris notes that some salt trading networks spanned over 75 km.
Representing an important political and economic medium, the vast number of Iron Age coins found in Great Britain are of great archaeological value. Some such as gold staters were imported from mainland Europe. Others, such as the cast bronze coins of Southeast England are clearly influenced by Roman originals. The British tribal kings also adopted the continental habit of putting their names on the coins they had minted with such examples as Tasciovanus from Verulamium and Cunobelinos from Camulodunum identifying regional differentiation. Hordes of Iron Age coins include the Silsden Hoard in West Yorkshire. A large collection of coins known as the Hallaton Treasure was found at a Late Iron Age shrine near Hallaton, Leicestershire, consisting of 5,294 coins mostly attributed to the Corieltavi tribe.
Trade links developed in the Bronze Age and beforehand provided Great Britain with numerous examples of continental craftsmanship. Swords especially were imported, copied and often improved upon by the natives. Hallstatt slashing swords and daggers were a significant import although, by 650 BC, the volume of goods arriving seems to have declined - possibly due to more profitable trade centre appearing in the Mediterranean. There also appears to have been a collapse in the bronze trade during the early Iron Age.
From the late 2nd century BC onwards, South-central Britain was indirectly linked into Roman trading networks via the Atlantic seaways to southwest Gaul. Hengistbury Head in Dorset was the most important trading site and large quantities of Italian wine have been found there. In Southeast Britain meanwhile, extensive contact with the 'Belgic' tribes of northern Gaul is evidenced by large numbers of imported Gallo-Belgic gold coins between the mid-2nd century BC and Caesar's conquest of Gaul in the 50s BC. These coins probably did not principally move through trade. In the past, the emigration of Belgic peoples to Southeast Britain has been cited as an explanation for their appearance in that region. However, recent work suggests that their presence in Southeast Britain may have occurred due to a kind of political and social patronage that was paid by the northern Gaulish groups in exchange for obtaining aid from their British counterparts during Gaulish warfare with the Romans on the Continent.
After Caesar's conquest of Gaul, a thriving trade developed between Southeast Britain and the near Continent. This is archaeologically evidenced through imports of wine and olive oil amphorae and mass-produced Gallo-Belgic pottery. Strabo, writing in the early 1st century AD, lists ivory chains and necklaces, amber gems, glass vessels, and other petty wares, as articles imported to Britain, whilst he recorded the island's exports as grain, cattle, gold, silver, iron, hides, slaves and hunting dogs. This trade probably thrived as a result of political links and client kingship relationships that developed between groups in Southeast Britain and the Roman world.
This is the most developed chunk of Hejelnik's history and the last one before major empires start springing up. It is ideal for worldbuilders who want to anchor their builds in parts of world history that blend the trappings of modern society with primitive living. Here we see the rise of complex and fragmented societies with currency, hierarchy, writing and organised religion taking root but it still retains a distinctly ancient character.
Iron Age Chunk. 3
What Comes Next?
Well, the simple question is that we don't really know the direction that Hejelnik's history will take in the future. I wanted these first three chunks of world history to establish primitive development in the world but now it's your turn to decide what happens. We will have up to 15 chunks of world history. From next week onwards we'll be running weekly competitions where people will suggest the next chunk and the rough overview of what it will entail. The power will finally be in your hands. (Sorry for the long block of text.)
Image Credits
1: https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/timeline-of-british-history-0ef9fe70-c75a-4b05-a606-c7b7e15a24ca
2: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/environment/archaeology/7238663/3000-year-old-shipwreck-shows-European-trade-was-thriving-in-Bronze-Age.html
3: https://www.history.com/topics/pre-history/iron-age
If you wanna learn more about what we do here then there are other platforms the worldbuilding_project is also active on:
Here's our Wiki where canon information is kept: https://hejelnik.fandom.com/wiki/Home
Here's our Discord where casual chat and discussions are held: https://discord.gg/c2rFu2b
submitted by Killer_Tomcat to worldbuilding_project [link] [comments]


2020.05.20 17:25 jcollywobble Which part of the UK produces the best footballers? (Experiment) (Part 2)

Thanks to the relative success of the first post, I am back again to reveal the next 5 teams in the second instalment of the experiment to find out which region in the United Kingdom produces the best footballers. See below for previous posts.
Post 1
Before we get back into the teams, I’ve got some changes to make to the experiment thanks to some people spotting some errors in the original post:
- Firstly, I’ve changed the names of Team 4,5 and 6 to London 1, London 2 and London 3 and Herts respectively. As multiple people have rightly mentioned, I didn’t quite nail my London geography leading to some boroughs been thrown into East/South London etc when they shouldn’t have been. This should hopefully eliminate the questions and confusion as a result of my geographical ineptitude.
- Ezri Konsa makes way for Mark Noble (Canning Town, West Ham) in London 2 due to popular demand in the comments.
- Nathan Dyer has been replaced by Nicky Law (Plymouth, Exeter City) in Team 1.
John Ruddy moves from the South-West (Team 1) to the South-East Midlands (Team 8) due to FM putting the wrong St Ives as his birth city. He’ll be replaced by Max O’Leary (Bath, Bristol City)
I have also added some maps to held visualise the geographical split of the counties and London Boroughs:
England Map
Scotland Map
London Boroughs Map

Now onto why you’re all here, the next 5 teams;
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Team 6 – London 3 & Herts - Hertfordshire and London Boroughs: Redbridge, Waltham Forest, Haringey, Enfield, Barnet, Harrow, – Population: 3,450,896
Media Prediction: 4th - Title Odds: 7-1
Manager – Gareth Southgate (Watford, England)

https://preview.redd.it/ebx64lfstxz41.png?width=547&format=png&auto=webp&s=d4ffb76585dc2731902d59509c78db255f6272dc
Likely Starting XI
England’s hero of the summer of 2018, Gareth Southgate, takes charge of this side. Reaching the semis at the 2018 World cup is Gareth’s best achievement to date which arguably could have been seen as underachievement with the Fixtures and Squad England had. One of the more experienced managers in the league, Gareth will be familiar to plenty of the England boys in the Squad. Tipped to finish in the top 4, Southgate will be hoping to have a crack at his first trophy in (hypothetical) management.
Spearheading the attack is Spurs’ Harry Kane, who is the highest rated player in the competition based on FM current ability. Kane will be a major threat to any defence he faces and is likely to be favourite for the golden boot. Behind Kane, the duo of Adam Lallana and Andros Townsend will offer some threat and creativity and will be hoping to feed Kane with an endless supply of chances.
Jack Wilshere, who is probably best known for being the most injury prone player in the league will be hoping to stay fit throughout and make an impact whilst talented young midfielder Harry Winks will sit in front of the back four and dictate the tempo.
In defence, there is a mix of youth and experience. Young defenders Reece James and Kyle Walker-Peters are joined by 39-time England capped Ashley Young who is currently playing his trade in Milan. Two from Mariappa, Mawson and Clark will occupy the central defender position assuming Southgate plays with a back four.
Yet again for another team, the Goalkeeper position is a worry. David Button who is currently second choice for Brighton will likely start although it could be a toss-up between any of the three below-average stoppers.
I have high hopes for this team, if Kane remains injury-free they will surely be in and around the title race.
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Team 7 – South-West Midlands - Berkshire, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, Wiltshire – Population: 3,661,711
Media Prediction: 18th - Title Odds: 500-1
Manager – Brian McDermott (Slough, Unemployed)

https://preview.redd.it/0ht7hcvutxz41.png?width=576&format=png&auto=webp&s=12797759bcabd3a1ceec2b54473809e7b92cfd6f
Likely Starting XI
The largest team by population out of the 20, South-West Midlands was the only way I could describe this group of counties (very uncreative, I know). Despite having the biggest catchment area of all the clubs, this doesn’t seem to translate to having the biggest impact on the pitch. Out of the 25 players, only 5 are currently playing in the top flight. Brian McDermott has been given the job of managing this team in the experiment, who has surprisingly been out of a job since May 2016 when he had his second stint as Reading manager which lasted only 6 months before he was sacked.
With 87 England caps between them Theo Walcott and Eric Dier will look to provide leadership in a team which lacks quality all over the pitch. Eric Dier interestingly is predicted to start in defence for McDermott’s men. One of Leicester’s surprise title winners, Andy King adds to the experience but apart from the 3 mentioned players, this appears to be a fairly inexperienced squad.
Dom Solanke, who was tipped for big things only a few years ago will likely partner Walcott upfront in a pacey duo. Charlie Austin will also be in the mix and will likely chip in with a few goals over the season. Matty Cash has a lot of potential and will add value to the team whether he plays at fullback or on the right side of midfield.
This is another team which is lacking a top keeper, Jojo Wollacott is predicted to start. Wollacott has only managed 9 appearances this season at Forest Green Rovers so it doesn’t bode well for the defence in front of him.
Overall, it doesn’t look great for this team, I wouldn’t be surprised to see this team in and around the bottom 3 come the end of the season especially with a worrying lack of quality in goal.
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Team 8 – South-East Midlands - Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Northamptonshire– Population: 3,051,792
Media Prediction: 14th - Title Odds: 200-1
Manager – Sean Dyche (Kettering, Burnley)

https://preview.redd.it/1amwjgiytxz41.png?width=539&format=png&auto=webp&s=2bd5cef041559c3a03567db6aec4fb10f2b7d1d7
Likely Starting XI
Another team with an uncreative name, apologies again to anyone from this region. Team 8 consists of counties Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire and will be managed by Sean Dyche. Expect a mix of deep croaky touchline shouts, direct football and hard work on the pitch. Dyche is experienced at the top level having managed in the premier league for 5 of the last 6 seasons and has even guided Burnley to the Europa League, albeit losing in the Playoff round to Olympiacos.
Making a team sheet for the second time in the experiment, John Ruddy, born in St Ives, Cambridgeshire and not Cornwall will challenge Newcastle ‘keeper Karl Darlow for the starting berth in net. More strength in depth than most of the teams in the experiment in terms of the goalkeeper position.
In defence, Ben Chilwell is the standout player and will look to bomb up the left flank and create a supply of chances for the team. On the other side Sheffield United’s George Baldock will hope to do the same, as he has done for Chris Wilders men all season. Luton native Charlie l’Anson, who rather amusingly is known in Spain simply as Charlie is currently playing for Rayo Majadahonda in Spain, Sean Dyche will no doubt remind him to keep it simple at the back.
Milton Keynes born Dele Alli features in midfield and looks to be the best player in terms of ability in the team. Dyche will build the attack around Dele and will be hopeful he can provide a big impact and re-discover his form from the 2016/17 season by chipping in with plenty of goals. Chelsea duo Lewis Baker and Izzy Brown will be on the fringes of the team and will both be hoping to showcase their potential to Dyche.
If Dele plays in a deeper role, Irish internationals Callum Robinson and Sean Maguire, who incidentally both play club football together at Preston, will make a claim to start up front.
Despite being predicted to finish 14th, I can’t tell much difference between this team and the previous one who were predicted to finish 18th. I’d be surprised if this team does anything of note, although Sean Dyche can get the best out of his players that’s for sure.
__________
Team 9 – East Anglia – Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk - Population: 3,457,571
Media Prediction: 17th - Title Odds: 400-1
Manager – Paul Warne (Norwich, Rotherham United)

https://preview.redd.it/j82euwu0uxz41.png?width=599&format=png&auto=webp&s=70935688ef650f9af5dfadeb0cf8968630560315
Likely Starting XI
The trio of counties of Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk make up the next team. Another team which aren’t predicted to fair well in the season, Team 9 will be managed by Paul Warne, who currently manages League 1 Rotherham United. Warne has had a great season so far and could well take the Millers back into the championship.
Onto the players, Nick Pope is the standout player in an extremely average bunch of players. Pope is likely to have a hard season ahead of him with the amount of chances the team could concede. Alongside the only England International, Pope, the squad also features three players who have been capped by USA, Zimbabwe and Scotland. Angus Gunn and Jed Steer make up the goalkeeping contingent.
Stand out players in defence include James Tomkins and Ryan Bennett who are no stranger to playing in the top flight. Spurs’ 8-time USA international Cameron Carter-Vickers who is currently on loan at championship side Luton Town also makes an appearance along with Sam Byram and Charlie Daniels in the fullback roles.
Talented young player Todd Cantwell will provide the flair and creativity, alongside Isaac Hayden who will help to add a bit of balance to Paul Warne’s midfield. Apart from that, there isn’t much to shout about for the East Anglians. Chris Martin, who has been capped 17 times for Scotland at senior international level will probably play upfront with there seemingly being a huge deficit of quality in the attacking areas for this side. Goals will surely be a worry for Paul Warne, I think the only chance this team stays up is Nick Pope having a great season.
__________
Team 10 – Wales & Hereford – Wales, Herefordshire – Population: 3,169,324
Media Prediction: 12th – Title Odds: 100-1
Manager – Tony Pulis (Newport, West Brom)

https://preview.redd.it/0zhfhoj3uxz41.png?width=538&format=png&auto=webp&s=bd9b113f6a573c1d3430c3cceb748f450bb99845
Likely Starting XI
The first team containing players born outside of England, Wales and Herefordshire are the tenth team to be revealed and will be managed by Tony Pulis, who gets the nod over Mark Hughes and Ryan Giggs. The thought of Tony Pulis ordering Gareth Bale to launch throw-ins on to Connor Wickham’s head is a frightening one indeed.
The Welsh national team currently have their ‘golden generation’ of players having reached their highest world rankings of 8th only 4 years ago. The squad, rather staggeringly contains a combined total of 511 Wales caps. Wayne Hennessey being the most experienced with 84 caps for his country. The cream of the crop, in this team is certainly Gareth Bale who is capable of providing a lot of quality. Gareth is the second highest rated player in the league behind Team 6’s Harry Kane.
Another key player in midfield is Aaron Ramsey, who will act as a box to box player and will give Tony Pulis’ men a bit of quality as well as work rate in the middle. Joe Allen will play in the quarterback role and will look to dictate play in front of the back four.
The squad is made up of all welsh players apart from the three Hereford lads. One of those include Jarrod Bowen who will make an interesting partnership with Gareth Bale on the wings. Another is Connor Wickham who looks likely to start up front and will provide a platform for the team to build by holding the ball up for the more creative players.
In defence, there is plenty of experience with the likes of James Collins, Ashley Richards and Ben Davies. The defence looks to be solid compared to the other defences in the league and should work together well in front of either Danny Ward or Wayne Hennessey especially given the discipline Pulis will bring.
I think this squad has lots of potential and 100-1 title odds looks to be worth a couple of quid. Gareth Bale and Aaron Ramsey have the potential to push this team right up the league, however, it remains yet to be seen whether Pulis gives them the freedom they need.
__________
I hope you enjoyed the second instalment of the teams, once again let me know if I’ve missed anyone or made any errors. In the next post I’ll introduce the players born in the midlands and the north west, which features some interesting line ups.
submitted by jcollywobble to soccer [link] [comments]


2020.05.06 18:13 HouseofWessex (Valhalla) Potential story beats based upon history (speculation and discussion)

Hi all. Long time lurker here finally lured into posting due the announcement of Valhalla. As a big time history buff and soon to be history teacher, I've been wondering what historical events we could see occur in Valhalla, assuming it does indeed cover the time frame of Alfred Of Wessex (870s-899, though leeway for flashbacks like great heathen army.) Going through rumors, leaks and the historical period itself, I've identified many key events which I hope will show up in the story itself. To be sure; I don't want this game to be a straight biography of events like AC3 (which was overly crammed), but likewise I don't want Eivor to be a mere bystander like in Assassin's creed unity.
To that end, here are some key events, and how and where they fit into the story.
Siege of Paris: 845 OR 885: I have seen it written (sadly can't find independent sources for this) that the siege of Paris will show up, with the assumption being that this is the first siege of Paris and will be as part of a flashback intro sequence (see 300 in Odyssey). I can see why this makes sense. This siege would give the player a chance to fight alongside "Ragnar Lothbroke" (spoilers; irl probably wasn't.) It was also a famous Viking success on a highly fortified city, giving it extra drama. However, not discussed is the possibility that this is not the siege we see in the game at all. For a far better match timeline wise (albeit slightly later in Alfred's reign so maybe a late game event ) would be the siege of 885-886. This siege was not only far larger than 845, but imo was far more interesting. Not a mere siege but a full on siege with numerous battles, including collapsing the sein bridge. It also saw the rise in power of Odo of Paris, thus giving the player a chance to meet (a more historically real) person of interest.
Why and how it could be included: The ACV writer has said that here will be "surprises" in game. Visiting Paris outside of a flashback if the siege is 885 would certainly qualify. Odo also strikes me as a plausible Templar candidate, giving the player a reason to go. As for 845, that "Viking" tv show show draw might be too much to resist and the chance to fight alongside a pop culture figure. Seeing "Ragnar" could aoso be justified in universe; ACIV showed Abstergo spicing up history so adding semi mythical figures would make sense in canon.
Why not: Leaks can be wrong. The siege of paris was done in Vikings and may be seen as a rip off. Moreover, going to Paris would be a huge shift from the more northern Europe setting described by the developers. Both dates may also discount either appearing; one is too early for 870s, the other may be too late.
The Great Heathen army 865 : A gimme. Though a bit early, it would explain how our character arrived in England, and chance to see the fall of the other Anglish kingdoms. Also a chance to meet Ubbe, Ivar and the other alleged sons of Lothbroke.
How and when? Early game for sure, leading to buildup to meeting Alfred. A chance to learn sailing or raiding mechanics in universe and player wise as well.
Why not? The trailer suggests the game may start after Danes and Norse already settled in England, so post fall of Northumbria, Mercia and East Anglia. However, given our character starts out in Norway (as released info suggests) and we get to see other kingdoms, I'm not sure we can read too much into trailer, or when our story starts.
Alfred's flight into the marshes (878): If the devs miss out on this I will be stunned. Alfred waged a successful guerilla warfare campaign against the Danish invaders following him being forced to flee from a sudden invasion. He escaped to Atheny marshes in Somerset, western england. It is also around this time another part of the Alfred mythos occurred; the story of how he was hiding at peasant women's house and burned her cakes. Likely a folk story, it is nonetheless too juicy to leave out. Likewise a literal guerilla war is perfect for a literal stealth game.
How and when: The devs have said that Alfred, though antagonist, is not the bad guy. This leaves the door open for a team up with Alfred for Eivoor. Perhaps the templars betray Alfred, or Alfred realises he doesn't need them. Perhaps it's mere coincidence and Eivor merely needs Wessex help. Otherwise having Eivor being on the conquering end of the 877-78 invasion does seem a little odd and unlikely for our presumably "heroic" character. This event seems it would make a good mid to late game event, and raise the story stakes massively-epecially if Templars are helping Vikings.
Why not: Story could begin post 878, though this does bare the question of where the man crux of the story will occur given this would discount the main actual viking invasions. It also depends on if Eivor will ever team up with Alfred or is he a pure antagonist all game.
Battle of Edington 878: The battle that saw the end of the great Hathen army and Alfred restored to the throne.
How and why: If Eivor is helping Alfred, then this makes a good late game event and a chance to kill some foes. If Eivor is on Guthrum's side however, then perhaps it's start of story and is where Eivor gets captured/see's a different side to raiding.
Why not: See above to Alfred's flight.
Other events: Other key events of this period involving Alfred' reign include the retaking of Londinium/Lundene in 880s by Alfred, which given the cities inclusion in game implies it may show up. There were also major invasions of Wessex in the 890s by Haesten and other Danish leaders that were defeated at Rochester, Fareham and modern day Benfleet. Depending on how closely the game follows real life events, all these seem reasonable possibilities.
Below is a place to discuss if any of these see plausible and how they might show up in game. Likewise, what other any other big events of the period that may show up in game could be included?
submitted by HouseofWessex to assassinscreed [link] [comments]


2020.04.16 02:27 Ruddockclyro 🇬🇧 UK Budget Gaming PC 🇬🇧

Any help would be greatly appreciated :)
What will you be doing with this PC? Be as specific as possible, and include specific games or programs you will be using.
Hello, I'm looking to get into the world of PC gaming.
I've never owned a full PC setup and would like to know where to start. I've got no real experience of builds and I have no idea where to start. The only component I have is my housemates old graphics card.
I'm not looking for anything too insane, just want something that'll run slightly older games (Borderlands 1/2, GTA trilogy / 4, fallout 1-4)
What is your maximum budget before rebates/shipping/taxes?
I've got a budget between £400-500
When do you plan on building/buying the PC? Note: beyond a week or two from today means any build you receive will be out of date when you want to buy.
Asap
What, exactly, do you need included in the budget? (ToweOS/monitokeyboard/mouse/etc\
Tower including all internals (excluding graphics card) Operating System Windows 10 1 21" monitor Full HD 1080p RGB Keyboard and mouse also please.
(RGB means you can create any colour and shading right?)
Which country (and state/province) will you be purchasing the parts in? If you're in US, do you have access to a Microcenter location?
Suffolk, East Anglia, United Kingdom
If reusing any parts (including monitor(s)/keyboard/mouse/etc), what parts will you be reusing? Brands and models are appreciated.
Will you be overclocking? If yes, are you interested in overclocking right away, or down the line? CPU and/or GPU?
Are there any specific features or items you want/need in the build? (ex: SSD, large amount of storage or a RAID setup, CUDA or OpenCL support, etc)
SSD for O.S, Wi-Fi required
Do you have any specific case preferences (Size like ITX/microATX/mid-towefull-tower, styles, colors, window or not, LED lighting, etc), or a particular color theme preference for the components?
Do you need a copy of Windows included in the budget? If you do need one included, do you have a preference?
Thank you for your time and help :)
submitted by Ruddockclyro to buildapcforme [link] [comments]


2020.03.12 11:04 jiraiya-ero-sennin Homebuilder requires a 28 day exchange for my new property...can it be done?

I am selling a shared ownership flat in London and have entered the second week since instructing a solicitor. Things are going smoothly, with management pack requested already, and both myself and the buyers are keen to exchange ASAP. The buyer has a mortgage company working on setting up a surveyance date for my flat, and I have a mortgage interview next week so things are moving along fine.
My partner and I found a new build house we like elsewhere in East Anglia and have it reserved now, but the building company (one of the highest rated in the country) stated a requirement of an exchange date within 28 days. Its now been 5 days since the reservation date. The estimated build complete date is somewhere mid May/early June.
I chatted with the estate agents who said on their memorandum of sale that the estimated time line states 8 weeks for exchange, which evidently goes far beyond the 4 weeks requested. After finding out I evidently got a bit worried, so I called up the building company who said that it can be done, but my take away from the estate agents is that it can't, due to shared ownership and leasehold complexities in the legal work.
What do you all think on this matter and how should I proceed to ensure we don't lose the reservation on the new house which we love to bits?
Thanks in advance!
submitted by jiraiya-ero-sennin to LegalAdviceUK [link] [comments]


2020.02.27 15:07 SuperMarioGlitchy1 SMG3 Arc:Teaser

It is 2026.
The Second World War (or the Great Patriotic War as both the Americans and Soviets had called it) resulted in greater American and Soviet co-operation. However, they found themselves bored of saving the world, and thus a less intense Cold War began. It was not one of ideology, but rather one of seeing who would land on the Moon or Mars first or who would clone the first hummingbird. The Americans landed a man on Luna by 1968, and the Soviets, in turn, landed a person on Mars in 1981. However, this boring affair would not prepare the world for the Third World War.
A shadowy figure enters a missile base in East Anglia. A worker, apparently Enzo, disables the DNA identification systems required to launch a missile. The figure, who is revealed to be SMG3, presses the big red button.
25 missiles were launched that day.
Fire. Death. Vaporization. Shadows imprinted upon ruined buildings.
On September 5th of 2026, Poland was raped by nuclear fire. It was a tragedy on the Vistula.
Soviet tanks tore down the Iron Curtain. Within seven days their forces were upon the banks of the Rhine.
And there's nothing we can do.

03/15/2020 (still not certain about all of the dates though)
submitted by SuperMarioGlitchy1 to SMG4 [link] [comments]


Completely Free Dating in Peterborough